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Fighting disease - past and future


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Development
The treatment for diseases has changed a lot in the last 200 years or so
Ignaz Semmelweis
He was working in the Vienna Gerneal Hospital in the 1840s and he saw that women were dying in huge numbers after childbirth from a disease called Puerperal Fever. He believed doctors were spreading the disease on their unwashed hands. By telling doctors that entered his ward to was their hands with antiseptic solution he cut the death rate from 12% to 2%
Proof
Ignaz Semmelweis didn't have this and his method was dropped when he left the hospital
Basic hygiene
This is essential for controlling disease
Antibiotic resistance
This is becoming more common in bacteria and bacterial infections. Over use of antibiotics has made this worse. It is a big problem and it has encouraged drug companies to work on developing new antibiotics that effective against the resistant stains
Antibiotic resistant bacteria
People who become infected with this cannot get rid of this easily and may pass it on to others
Strains
These are mutated bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics and are liable to cause serious problems. Also no-one will be immune from the mutated bacteria
Virus mutation
They tend to mutate more often than bacteria. This makes them hard to treat and hard to make vaccines against as they could easily change
Virus problems
Viruses could easily change and may become both deadly and very infections that could have serious effect as there isn't much to stop the virus spreading and protections may not be developed in time
Developing
Vaccines and antiviral drugs have to go through this before they can be used
Worst-case scenario
A flu pandemic could kill billions of people all over the world