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언어와 문화 Language and Culture


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눈이 높다
to have high standards
코가 납작해지다
to become dispirited
입이 짧다
to be picky about food
귀가 얇다
to easily believe things one hears
얼굴이 두껍다
to not care about what others think
어깨가 무겁다
to shoulder the responsibility/burden
손이 빠르다
to be quick to handle things
발이 넓다
to know many people
갈수록 태산
something becomes even worse as time passes by (becoming a greater and greater mountain)
산 넘어 산
obstacle after obstacle (Mountains afer Mountains)
티끌 모아 태산
Every little makes large amounts (the pecks of dust make a great mountain)
싼 게 비지떡
cheeper it is, you pay the price (A bean curd waste cake is cheap)
우물 안 개구리
a man of narrow views (Frog in the well)
꿩 대신 닭
when you cannnot find the right thing and replace it with something similar (a chicken instead of a pheasant)
식은 죽 먹기
easy job (eating cool porrage)
누워서 떡 먹기
easy job (eating rice cake while lying down)
땅 짚고 헤엄치기
easy job (Swimming with two hands down on the bottom)
하늘의 별 따기
impossible job (picking a star from the sky)
밑 빠진 독에 물 붓기
useless job (Pouring water into a broken jar)
가는 말이 고와야 오는 말이 곱다
If you want to hear nice words, you should say nice words
세 살 버릇 여든까지 간다
Old habits continue a lifetime (lit. 3 year old's habit continues up to 80 years old man)
발 없는 말이 천 리를 간다
Bad news travel fast
말 한 마디로 천 냥 빚 갚는다
A soft answer tunrs away warth (lit. Paying dept with a phrase of word)
백지장도 맞들면 낫다
Even easy work becomes easyer when two do it. (lit. It is even better to hold a peace of paper together)
되로 주고 말로 받는다
Careless behaviour may bring serious results (lit. Give 1lb for 10lbs back)
등잔 밑이 어둡다
Close things are most difficult to see (lit. Under the lamp is darkness)
개천에서 용 난다
The great man is born in a difficult situation (lit. a dragon is born in a stream)
소 잃고 외양간 고친다
It is to late to regret after something has already happened (lit. Fix a cow house after loosing a cow)
호랑이도 제 말 하면 온다
If you talk about someone, this person is sure to appear (lit. Talk of a tigar and he will appaer)
서당 개 삼 년이면 풍월을 읊는다
Any inexperienced person may become knowledgeable after years of experinece in an area (lit. a dog of school would recite a poem after 3 years)
종로에서 뺨 맞고 한강에서 화풀이한다
Someone expersses his anger to a third person (lit. Get slapped in Jongno and take out the anger at Han River)
mouse
관용 표현
idiomatic expression
지붕
roof
천장
ceiling
튼튼하다
to be sturdy
찍찍대다
to squeak
가는 날이 장날이다
that's a bad timing (lit. Going day is the market day)
확장 공사
expanding construction
속담
proverb
비유하다
to speak figuratively
숨을 씩씩거리다
to huff and puff
끊어지다
to break/to snap
망가지다
to break
어처구니가 없다
to be taken aback by someone/something (due to unexpected happening)
소란을 피우다
to make a commotion
음식을 가리다
to be a picky eater
창피를 당하다
to be embarrassed
낭비가 심하다
to be a big spender
바늘
needle
thread
붙어 다니다
to go together
가뭄
drought
콩이 나다
pea to grow
기가 죽다
to be crestfallen
날개가 돋치다
to be in great request (lit. Wings to grow)
교실이 떠나가다
to (scream) so much so that the classroom will collapse (lit. The classroom to be departed due to loud noise)
기억이 가물가물하다
to have a dim memory
저축을 하다
to make a deposit
끙끙거리다
to groan
물건을 챙기다
to take care of one's belongings
거미도 줄을 쳐야 벌레를 잡는다
you will achieve you goal afer the proper preperation (lit. A spider needs to spin a web to catch an insect)
대가
compensation
강조하다
to emphasize
표정을 짓다
to make a facial expression
견해
opinion/view
개념
concept/idea
연구자
inventor/developer
종합하다
to synthesize
사회적
social
산물
product
특징을 반영하다
to reflect a characteristic
hawk
사냥
hunting
훈련시키다
to train
정성을 들이다
to devote
손해를 입다
to incur damage or losses
꽁지
tail feathers
평안도
Pyeongan Povince (north korea)
잡아먹다
to kill and eat
달려들다
to spring/jump/leap at (a person)
무서워서 혼나다
to be scared to death