Level 2

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abandon
포기하다 to leave and never return to (someone who needs protection or help)
abate
감소하다 to become weaker : to decrease in strength
abdicate
사임하다 to fail to do what is required by (a duty or responsibility)
abjure
포기하다 to reject (something) formally
abolish
폐지하다 to officially end or stop (something, such as a law) : to completely do away with (something)
abrasion
찰과상 an injury caused by something that rubs or scrapes against the skin : the act or process of damaging or wearing away something by rubbing, grinding, or scraping
absolve
선언하다 to make (someone) free from guilt, responsibility, etc. : to give forgiveness to (someone who has sinned) or for (a sin)
absorb
흡수하다 to take in (something, such as a liquid) in a natural or gradual way : to draw in (heat, light, energy, etc.) : to learn (something)
abstract
추상적인 relating to or involving general ideas or qualities rather than specific people, objects, or actions
abuse
학대, 남용 a corrupt practice or custom 2 : improper or excessive use or treatment : misuse <drug abuse> 3 obsolete : a deceitful act : deception 4 : language that condemns or vilifies usually unjustly, intemperately, and angrily 5 : physical maltreatment
accede
(지위에)오르다 to agree to a request or a demand : to enter a high office or position
acclaim
호평하다 to praise (someone or something) in a very strong and enthusiastic way
acclimate
적응하다 to adjust or adapt to a new climate, place, or situation
accomplished
뛰어난 very skillful : having or showing the skill of an expert : very successful : having done or achieved many good or important things
accurate
정확한 free from mistakes or errors : able to produce results that are correct : not making mistakes
accusation
혐의 a claim that someone has done something wrong or illegal : a charge that someone has committed a fault or crime
acknowledge
인정하다 to say that you accept or do not deny the truth or existence of (something) : to regard or describe (someone or something) as having or deserving a particular status : to tell or show someone that something (such as a letter or message) has been received
acquire
습득하다, 얻다 to get (something) : to come to own (something) : to come to have (something) : to gain (a new skill, ability, etc.) usually by your own effort
acquit
~을 무죄로 하다 to decide that someone is not guilty of a crime
act up
성능이 나빠지다 to act in a way different from that which is normal or expected: as a : to behave in an unruly, recalcitrant, or capricious manner <the children were acting up> b : show off c : to function improperly <this typewriter is acting up again> 2 : to become active or acute after being quiescent <her rheumatism started to act up>
adage
격언, 속담 A proverb, wise saying
adequate
충분한, 알맞은 enough for some need or requirement : good enough : of a quality that is good or acceptable : of a quality that is acceptable but not better than acceptable
adhere
고수하다to stick to something : to attach firmly to something
adhesive
끈적한, 접착제 a substance (such as glue or cement) that is used to make things stick together
adjourn
잠시 중단하다, 연기하다 to end something (such as a meeting or session) for a period of time
admonish
꾸짖다 to speak to (someone) in a way that expresses disapproval or criticism : to tell or urge (someone) to do something
adroit
능숙한, 교묘한 very clever or skillful
adorn
장식하다 to make (someone or something) more attractive by adding something beautiful
advent
출현 a coming into being or use <the advent of spring> <the advent of pasteurization> <the advent of personal computers>
adverse
부정적인 bad or unfavorable : not good
advocate
지지하다 to support or argue for (a cause, policy, etc.)
affirm
단언하다 to say that something is true in a confident way : to show a strong belief in or dedication to (something, such as an important idea) law : to decide that the judgment of another court is correct
afford
여유가 있다 to be able to pay for (something) : to be able to do (something) without having problems or being seriously harmed : to supply or provide (something needed or wanted) to someone
aggravate
악화시키다 to make (an injury, problem, etc.) more serious or severe : to make (someone) angry : to annoy or bother (someone)
aggregate
종합하다 to join or combine into a single group : to equal a specified number or amount
agitate
불안하게 만들다 to disturb, excite, or anger (someone)
agitate
흔들다, 동요하다 : to try to get people to support or oppose something : to move or stir up (a liquid)
Ailing
병든 in poor health
all along
내내 all the time <knew the truth all along>
allay
가라앉히다 to make (something) less severe or strong
allay
진정시키다 to make less severe <allay pain> 2 : to put to rest <allay fears>
allegation
혐의, 주장 a statement saying that someone has done something wrong or illegal
allegedly
전해진 바에 의하면 used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof
allure
매력, 꾀다 power to attract <the allure of fame> ; to entice by charm or attraction
aloof
거리를 두는 at a distance
alter
바꾸다 to change (something) : to make a change to (a piece of clothing) so that it will fit better : to remove the sex organs of (an animal) so that the animal is unable to reproduce
altitude
높이, 고도 the height of something (such as an airplane) above the level of the sea
alumnus
동창, 졸업생 someone who was a student at a particular school, college, or university
amalgamate
합병하다 to unite (two or more things, such as two businesses) into one thing
ambience
분위기 the mood or feeling of a particular place
amenity
편의시설 something that makes life easier or more pleasant
amputate
절단하다 medical : to cut off (part of a person's body)
anachronism
시대착오 something (such as a word, an object, or an event) that is mistakenly placed in a time where it does not belong in a story, movie, etc. : a person or a thing that seems to belong to the past and not to fit in the present
anesthetic
마취제 medical : a drug that causes a person to lose feeling and to feel no pain in part or all of the body
annihilate
전멸시키다 to destroy (something or someone) completely : to defeat (someone) completely
annihilation
멸종, 전멸
annul
무효화하다 to say officially that something is no longer valid : to make (something) legally void
anticipate
기대하다
anxiety
걱정, 불안 fear or nervousness about what might happen : a feeling of wanting to do something very much
apparent
명백한 easy to see or understand : seeming to be true but possibly not true
appeal
항소하다 to take a lower court's decision to a higher court for review
appease
달래다 to make (someone) pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired : to make (a pain, a problem, etc.) less painful or troubling
applaud
박수갈채를 보내다 to strike the hands together over and over to show approval or praise : to express approval of or support for (something or someone)
appreciate
감사하다, 가치를 인정하다 to understand the worth or importance of (something or someone) : to admire and value (something or someone) : to be grateful for (something) —used to make a polite request
apprehend
체포하다, 파악하다 to arrest (someone) for a crime : to catch (a criminal or suspect) : to notice and understand (something)
approach
다가가다 to move or become near or nearer to something or someone : to move or become near or nearer in time to something : to get close to (an amount or level)
appropriate
무단으로 도용하다to get or save (money) for a specific use or purpose : to take or use (something) especially in a way that is illegal, unfair, etc.
approve
승인하다, 허락하다to believe that something or someone is good or acceptable : to officially accept (an idea, action, plan, etc.)
approximately
대략 used to show that something is almost, but not completely, accurate or exact; roughly. a journey of approximately two hours
arbitration
중재 a process of settling an argument or disagreement in which the people or groups on both sides present their opinions and ideas to a third person or group
arraign
기소 인정 여부 절차를 밟다. law : to state the charges against someone who is accused of a crime in a formal procedure before a judge
arrest
체포하다 to use the power of the law to take and keep (someone, such as a criminal)
arrogant
거만한, 건방진 having or showing the insulting attitude of people who believe that they are better, smarter, or more important than other people : having or showing arrogance
artifact
유물 a : something created by humans usually for a practical purpose; especially : an object remaining from a particular period <caves containing prehistoric artifacts> b : something characteristic of or resulting from a particular human institution, period, trend, or individual <self-consciousness ... turns out to be an artifact of our education system — Times Literary Supplement>
aspire
열망하다 to want to have or achieve something (such as a particular career or level of success)
assemble
조립하다 to collect (things) or gather (people) into one place or group : to meet together in one place : to connect or put together the parts of (something, such as a toy or machine)
assert
주장하다 to state (something) in a strong and definite way : to demand that other people accept or respect (something)
asset
재산, 귀중한 것 a valuable person or thing : something that is owned by a person, company, etc.
assign
할당하다 to give someone a particular job or duty : to require someone to do a particular task : to send (someone) to a particular group or place as part of a job : to give out something : to provide someone with something
assimilate
동화하다 to learn (something) so that it is fully understood and can be used : to cause (a person or group) to become part of a different society, country, etc. : to adopt the ways of another culture : to fully become part of a different society, country, etc.
associate
관련짓다 to think of one person or thing when you think of another person or thing : to be together with another person or group as friends, partners, etc.
assuage
달래다, 누그러뜨리다 to make (something, such as an unpleasant feeling) less painful, severe, etc.
aesthetic
심미적인 of or relating to art or beauty
atheist
무신론자 a person who believes that God does not exist
attain
달성하다, 이루다 to accomplish or achieve (something) : to succeed in getting or doing (something) : to grow or increase to (a particular amount, size, etc.)
attest
증명하다 to show, prove, or state that something is true or real
attorney
변호사 one who is legally appointed to transact business on another's behalf; especially : lawyer
attribute
탓으로하다 to explain by indicating a cause <attributed his success to his coach>
audit
회계를 감사하다 to check the financial records of (a business or person) : to perform an audit on (a business or person)
austerity
엄격, 긴축 a simple and plain quality : an austere quality : a situation in which there is not much money and it is spent only on things that are necessary
authenticate
진짜임을 증명하다 to prove that something is real, true, or genuine : to prove that something is authentic
authorize
허가하다 to give power or permission to (someone or something) : to give legal or official approval to or for (something)
bailout
긴급구제 the act of saving or rescuing something (such as a business) from money problems
balance the books
장부를 결산하다.
barren
불모의, 메마른, having very few plants : not suitable for plants
be attributable to
~때문이다
be taken aback
당황하다
bear market
주식 하락 장세, in which prices are going down
begrudge
시기하다. to think that someone does not deserve something
belongings
소지품. possession
berate
질책하다 To scold harshly
betray
배반하다. to give information about (a person, group, country, etc.) to an enemy
blackmail
협박. the crime of threatening to tell secret information about someone unless the person being threatened gives you money or does what you want
bleed
출혈하다. to lose or release blood because of a cut, injury, etc.
blow up
화내다. to rend apart, shatter, or destroy by explosion
blunt
무뚝뚝한, 퉁명스러운, 무딘, 뭉툭한 abrupt in speech or manner; having a dull edge
boast
자랑하다. a statement in which you express too much pride in yourself or in something you have, have done, or are connected to in some way
bombard
퍼붓다. a late medieval cannon used to hurl large stones
bough
나뭇가지. a main branch of a tree
breach
위반하다. infraction or violation of a law, obligation, tie, or standard
break a leg
행운을 빌어! used in speech to wish good luck to someone (such as a performer)
break into
~에 침입하다. to enter (a house, building, etc.)
break one's back
아주 열심히 일하다, 필사적으로 노력하다
break out
일어나다 to develop or emerge with suddenness or force
bauble
값싼 물건 a small, showy trinket or decoration.
breed
번식하다. to keep and take care of animals or plants in order to produce more animals or plants of a particular kind
bring up
양육하다. to bring (a person) to maturity through nurturing care and education
brittle
부서지기쉬운. easily broken or cracked
bull market
주식 호황. a market (such as a stock market) in which prices are going up
burgeon
급격히 성장하다. to grow or develop quickly
buttress
버팀목, 지지하다 1. (v.) to support, hold up; 2. (n.) something that offers support