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Panoramic
아주넓은(a full and wide view of something)
parachute
낙하산(a piece of equipment usually made of cloth that is fastened to people or things and that allows them to fall slowly and land safely after they have jumped or been dropped from an aircraft)
parse
분석하다(to study (something) by looking at its parts closely)
Part
갈라지다(to take leave of one another)
patent
특허권(protected by a trademark or a brand name so as to establish proprietary rights analogous to those conveyed by letters patent or a patent)
pathetic
형편없는(very bad, poor, weak, etc.)
patron
후원자, 단골(a person who gives money and support to an artist, organization, etc.; a person who buys the goods or uses the services of a business, library, etc.)
pay off
성과를 거두다(to yield returns)
pending
결정되지 않은, 임박한(not yet decided or acted on ; happening or likely to happen soon)
Pensive
생각에 잠긴(quietly sad or thoughtful)
perch
자리잡다, 높은 장소(to sit on or be on something high or on something from which it is easy to fall)
perfunctory
내키지 않는(used to describe something that is done without energy or enthusiasm because of habit or because it is expected)
peripheral
주변의, 부수적인(not relating to the main or most important part)
perish
죽다, 소멸하다(to disappear or be destroyed : to cease to exist)
permanent
영구적인(lasting or continuing for a very long time or forever : not temporary or changing)
perpendicular
수직의(going straight up or to the side at a 90 degree angle from another line or surface)
persecute
박해하다(to treat (someone) cruelly or unfairly especially because of race or religious or political beliefs)
Pert
당돌한( having or showing confidence and a lack of respect or seriousness especially in an amusing or appealing way)
pertinacity
끈기(adhering resolutely to an opinion, purpose, or design)
perturb
동요하게 하다(to cause (someone) to be worried or upset)
pervade
널리 퍼지다( to spread through all parts of (something) : to exist in every part of (something))
petition
탄원하다(to ask (a person, group, or organization) for something in a formal way)
Phony
가짜의(not true, real, or genuine)
pilgrimage
성지순례(a journey to a holy place)
pillage
약탈하다( the act of looting or plundering especially in war)
pique
흥미를 불러 일으키다, 화나게 하다(to cause (curiosity or interest);to make (someone) annoyed or angry)
pirate
저작권을 침해하다(to illegally copy (something) without permission)
plead
변론하다( to say in court that you are either guilty or not guilty of a crime)
Pleasantry
잡담( an agreeable playfulness in conversation)
pledge
약속하다(to formally promise to give or do (something))
pliable
유연한(able to bend, fold, or twist easily)
plod
터벅터벅 걷다(to walk slowly and usually heavily)
plunder
약탈하다(to steal things from (a place, such as a city or town) especially by force)
plunge
급락하다(to fall or drop suddenly in amount, value, etc.)
plush
호화로운(very fancy and usually expensive)
portrayal
묘사( the act of showing or describing someone or something especially in a painting, book, etc.)
postulate
이론 등의 근거로 삼기 위해 무엇이 사실이라고 상정하다(to suggest (something, such as an idea or theory) especially in order to start a discussion)
pottery
도자기(objects (such as bowls, plates, etc.) that are made out of clay usually by hand and then baked at high temperatures so that they become hard)
precaution
예방조치(something that is done to prevent possible harm or trouble from happening in the future)
precipitate
촉발시키다( to cause (something) to happen quickly or suddenly)
predisposition
경향, 소인(a liability or tendency to suffer from a particular condition, hold a particular attitude, or act in a particular way)
preoccupied
몰두한(thinking about something a lot or too much)
presumptuous
건방진, 주제넘는(too confident especially in a way that is rude : done or made without permission, right, or good reason)
pretentious
자만하는, 건방진(too confident especially in a way that is rude : done or made without permission, right, or good reason)
procrastinate
미루다(to be slow or late about doing something that should be done : to delay doing something until a later time because you do not want to do it, because you are lazy, etc.)
procure
얻다(to get (something) by some action or effort)
profane
불경스러운, 모독적인, (신성을) 모독하다 not having to do with religion; irreverent; blasphemous
profanity
욕설, offensive language
proliferation
급증, 확산, increase in number or amount quickly
promulgate
공포하다, to make (an idea, belief, etc.) known to many people
propagate
전달하다, 번식하다, 선전하다, to make something known to many people : to produce
prophecy
예언 A prediction; foretelling of future events
proportions
규모, amount that is a part of a whole
prosecute
기소하다, to hold a trial against a person who is accused of a crime to see if that person is guilt
prospective
예비의, 장래의, relating to or effective in the future
protract
연장하다, to prolong in time or space
provident
장래를 대비하는, 선견지명이 있는, careful about planning for the future and saving money for the future
pull through
~을 극복하다, to survive a dangerous or difficult situation
quaint
색다른, having an old-fashioned or unusual quality or appearance that is usually attractive or appealing
Queer
괴상한, differing in some odd way from what is usual or normal
quest
추구, 탐색, a journey made in search of something
radical
급진적인, 근본적인; very new and different from what is traditional or ordinary, very basic and important
raise
제기하다, 올리다, to bring up for consideration or debate <raise an issue>
ramification
결과, something that is the result of an action, decision, etc.
ransom
몸값, money that is paid in order to free someone who has been captured or kidnapped
ratify
승인하다, to approve and sanction formally
realm
영역, 왕국; an area of activity, interest, or knowledge : a country that is ruled by a king or queen
reassuring
안심이 되는, making (someone) feel less afraid, upset, or doubtful
rebuff
거절하다, 퇴짜놓다 v. to refuse someone; to reject an offer
rebuke
비난하다 to criticize or reprimand sharply.
rebut
반증을 들다, to prove (something) is false by using arguments or evidence
recapitulate
개요를 말하다, to give a brief summary of something
recapture
상기하다, to experience or bring back (a feeling, quality, or situation) again
recede
물러가다, 멀어지다, to move back or away
recession
불경기, a period of reduced economic activity
recite
암송하다, to read (something) out loud or say (something) from memory usually for an audience
reckoning
결산 집계(에 따른 상벌), the act of calculating the amount of something
reclaim
되찾다, 매립하다, to get back (something that was lost or taken away) : to make (land) available for use by changing its condition
recoil
흠칫 놀라다, to quickly move away from something that is shocking, frightening, or disgusting
recollection
기억, something from the past that is remembered
Rectify
수정하다, to correct (something that is wrong)
redeem
되찾다, 구원하다, 상환하다 to turn in and receive something in exchange; to make up for
redress
잘못된 점을 바로잡다, to correct (something that is unfair or wrong)
redundant
잉여의, 남는, repeating something else and therefore unnecessary
refer
알아보도록 하다, 언급하다, talk about something or mention it : to send or direct for treatment, aid, information, or decision
refine
개선하다, to improve (something) by making small changes
refractory
고집센, 난치의; resisting control or authority, resistant to treatment or cure <a refractory lesion>
refrain
자제하다, 삼가다, to stop yourself from doing something that you want to do
refurbish
새로 꾸미다, 재단장하다, to repair and make improvements to (something, such as a building)
regress
회귀하다, to return to an earlier and usually worse or less developed condition or state
reign
지배, 통치, the period of time during which a king, queen, emperor, etc., is ruler of a country
reimburse
배상하다, to pay back to someone
reinvigorate
새로운 힘을 불어 넣다, to put vitality and vigour back into (someone or something)
reiterate
되풀이하다, to repeat something you have already said in order to emphasize it
rejuvenate
젊어지게 하다, to make (someone) feel or look young, healthy, or energetic again
relegate
좌천시키다, to put (someone or something) in a lower or less important position, rank, etc.
reliability
신뢰성, the quality or state of being trusted
relish
즐기다, to get a lot of enjoyment from it
remarkable
놀랄만한, unusual or surprising : likely to be noticed
remit
면제해 주다, to cancel or free someone from (a punishment, debt, etc.)
remorse
양심의 가책, 후회, a feeling of guilt
remuneration
보상,보수; an amount of money paid to someone for the work that person has done
render
(어떤상태가)되게 하다, 제공하다; to cause (someone or something) to be in a specified condition : to give (something) to someone
renegade
변절자; a person who leaves one group, religion, etc., and joins another that opposes it
renege
취소하다, to refuse to do something that you promised or agreed to do
renounce
포기하다, 자발적으로 버리다; to say especially in a formal or official way that you will no longer have or accept (something)
renowned
유명한, known and admired by many people for some special quality or achievement
retaliate
보복하다, to do something bad to someone who has hurt you or treated you badly : to get revenge against someone
repel
to drive or force back; to drive off 물리치다, 격퇴하다, 쫒아버리다
replete
가득한, having much or plenty of something
repress
감정을 참다, to not allow yourself to do or express (something)
reprimand
질책하다, 비난, to criticize or blame someone : a severe or formal reproof
reprise
반복하다, to repeat (something, such as a performance of a piece of music)
reproach
비난하다, 비난, to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone) : an expression of rebuke or disapproval
repudiate
부인하다, to refuse to accept or support (something)
repugnant
불쾌한 Offensive, disagreeable, distasteful
repulse
혐오감을 주다, 물리치다; to force (someone) to stop attacking you : to cause dislike or disgust in (someone)
rescind
폐지하다, to end (a law, contract, agreement, etc.) officially
resent
분개하다, to be angry or upset about (someone or something that you think is unfair)
restitute
원상태로 되돌리다, to restore to a former state or position
restore
되찾게 하다, to give back (someone or something that was lost or taken)
retort
쏘아붙이다, to answer back usually sharply
retrieve
되찾아오다, to get and bring (something) back from a place
retrograde
역행하다, returning to an earlier and usually worse state or condition
revamp
수리하다, to make (something) better or like new again
revenue
수입, money that is made by or paid to a business or an organization
revere
존경하다, to have great respect for
revert
되돌아가다, to come or go back
revitalize
새로운 활력을 주다, to make (someone or something) active, healthy, or energetic again
rigorous
엄격한, very strict and demanding
root for
응원하다, to express or show support for
rout
완패시키다, to defeat decisively or disastrously
rudimentary
기본적인, basic or simple
ruminate
숙고하다, to think carefully and deeply about something
rummage
샅샅이 뒤지다, to search for something especially by moving and looking through the contents of a place