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This is the worlds largest industry, worth $500 billion in 2007 and it creates millions of jobs
Social/Economic factors for growth in tourism
It is more publicised, these times are peaceful (there are no world wars going on), the population is rising, people have more disposable income, there are more MEDC's, people have more free time
More Economically Developed Country
Improvements in technology and growth in tourism
More places are accessible, it is cheaper to travel, it is faster to travel, there is a large variety of ways to travel, people have cars, it is easy to book and plan holidays due to the internet
Butler model
This shows the change in the number of visitors to an area over time
This is the first stage in the butler model and consists of attracting the first few 'explorers' and there are no facilities around the area
This is the second stage in the butler model and consists of locals realising the potential of the area in tourism so facilities start to appear and more people keep arriving
This is the third stage in the butler model and consists of outside businesses building large scale facilities
This is the forth stage in the butler model and this is where the tourist number is high but the facilities are slowly getting more worn and old fashioned
This is when everything becomes incredibly out of date and old and the number of tourists drops and businesses begin to fail
This is one route that a tourist area can take as the sixth stage of the butler model, it consists of building new stuff or refurbishing the old stuff to re-attract tourists once more
This is the other route that a tourist area can take as the sixth stage of the butler model, it consists of the number of tourists falling continuously until only day trippers visit the area
mass tourism
This is organised tourism for large numbers of people - examples of this are package holidays
Social factors of mass tourism
There are new opportunities, the jobs are seasonal, there is a loss of livelihood and rural peace, there is more pollution and litter and there is a decrease in locals
economic factors of mass tourism
There are lots of jobs available, there is an increase in visitors and spenders, low-income jobs increase and there is an increase in domestic economy
extreme tourism
Tourists visiting extreme places to participate in extreme activities
extreme tourists
These normally have no children and a good jobs as extreme tourism is an expensive hobby
This involves protecting the environment and the way of life of the local people for future generations
These are usually young, wealthy and interested in the environment