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clud;clus


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clud;clus
[L]=to shut or close关闭。clud和clus是一对同源异形根,词源是拉丁动词claudere,意思相当于to shut(关闭)。clud来自不定式词干claud,常见于英语动词;clus来自动名词词干claus,多见于相应的名词和形容词。
conclude
[con-(com-)=thoroughly完全地;clud=to shut关闭;-e→“to shut off thoroughly so as to bring to an end完全关闭,使之结束”→]。 v.1 finish结束:She concluded her speech.她结束了发言。2 settle or decide决定;断定:The judge concluded that he was guilty.法官判定他有罪。
conclusion
[conclude 的对应名词:conclus=to conclude 结束,决定;-ion n.=the act or result表行为或结果→“the act or result of concluding结束,决定的行为或结果”→]。 n.1 end结束;结局:to come to a conclusion告终2final outcome or decision结论:to draw a conclusion from facts从事实得出结论
conclusive
[conclude的对应形容词:conclus=to conclude结束,决定;-ive a.=characterized by有......特点的→“characterized by concluding带有结束或结论特点的”→]。 a.1 final最后的:conclusive decision最后的决定2 convincing确定性的:conclusive evidence确凿的证据3 decisive结论性的:a conclusive ruling by the judge法官的裁决
include
[in-=in内;clud=to shut关闭;-e→“to shut in关闭在内”→]。 v.1 contain
includable
[includ(e);-able a.]。 a.可包括在内的
inclusive
[in-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.包围住的;包括的
exclude
[ex-=out外;clud=to shut关闭;-e→“to shut out关在外面”]。 v.1 keep from entering;bar排除在外;排斥:The club excluded him from membership.俱乐部拒绝吸收他。2 expel逐出:An officer was excluded from his position.一个官员被撤职了。
excludable
[exclud(e);-able a.]。 a.可除外的
exclusive
[ex-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.排他的;唯一的
preclude
[pre-=beforehand 事先;clud=to shut 关闭;-e→“to shut beforehand in order to keep out事先关闭不让进入”→]。 v.1 prevent免除,预防:She explained it in detail so as to preclude all doubts.她对此详加说明,以免产生各种疑虑。2 make impracticable阻碍:A prior engagement will preclude me from coming.另有约会在先,我无法前来。
preclusive
[pre-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.预防性的;妨碍的
seclude
[se-=apart分离;clud=to shut关闭;-e→“to shut oneself apart from others自我关闭,与他人隔离”→]。 v. shut off from association or influence outside隐居:He almost secludes himself from the society.他几乎与世隔绝。
seclusive
[se-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.隐居性的;爱隐居的
occlude
[oc-(ob-)=against对抗;clud=to shut关闭;-e→“to shut against going through关住不让通过”→]。 v. stop up
occlusive
[oc-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.闭塞的
recluse
[re-=back退;clus=to shut关闭;-e→“being shut back or away(from active social life)被关在世外的,退居世外的”→]。 I. a. retired;secluded退居林下的;隐居的:a recluse monk隐居的和尚→IIn. one who lives in a recluse way隐居者
reclusion
[re-;clus;-ion n.]。 n.隐居;遁世
reclusive
[re-;clus;-ive a.]。 a.隐居的;遁世的