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form
[L]=shape;to form形状;形成。form是英语常用词,既可当名词,又可当动词。其实,form还是个重要的拉丁词根,作为名词性词根,它来自forma,意为shape(形状);作为动词性词根,它来自formare,意为to give a shape to即to form(形成)。
form
[form=to give a shape to形成→]。 v.1 make in a centain shape使成形,制作:to form vessels out of clay用粘土制成器皿2 organize组成:to form a club组成一个俱乐部 3 take shape成形,生成:to form an idea想出一个主意
formation
[form;-ation n.]。 n.形成;组成;形成物;组成物
formal
[form=shape形状;-al a.=of......的→]。 a.1 of shape or appear-ance形式上的,表面的:the formal structure of a poem诗的形式结构 2 regular or routine正式的,例行的:formal invitation正式请柬
formality
[formal;-ity n.]。 n.拘泥形式;正式手续;礼节
formlism
[forml;-ism n.]。 n.形式主义
formalist
[formal;-ist n./a.]。 n.形式主义者 a.形式主义的
formalize
[formal;-ize v.]。 v.使形式化;使正式;使定形
informal
[in-;formal]。 a.非正式的;不拘礼节的
inform
[in-=in入;form=to give form to给......形状→“to give form into something 给某物以形状”→“to describe it 描述某物”→]。 v. give knowledge to 告知,通知:Please inform him of the changes in the schedule.请将计划变动的事通知他。
informant
[inform;-ant n.]。 n.提供消息(或情报)的人
information
[inform;-ation n.]。 n.通知;消息;信息;资料
reform
[re-=again再;form=to give form to使成形→“to give a new form to 使再成形”→]。 Iv. 1 make or become better 改造:to reform prisoners改造犯人2 improve by removing faults or abuses改革,改良:to reform city administration改革市政管理→IIn. improvement改革,改良:a reform in fundamental point of view基本观点的改革
reformism
[reform;-ism n.]。 n.改良主义
reformist
[reform;-ist n./a.]。 n.改良主义者 a.改良主义的
reformation
[reform;-ation n.]。 n.改革,改良,革新
formula
[form=shape形成;-ula n.=little thing小东西→“a little shape小形式”→]。 n.1 set form of words used regularly俗套话:polite formula礼貌用语2 prescription处方,配方:a formula for making perfume制香水的配方 3expression showing algebraic rule数学公式,方程式:algebraic formula数学公式
formular
[formul(a);-ar a.]。 a.公式的
formulary
[formul(a);-ary n.]。 n.公式汇编;俗套话;药典
conform
[con-(com-)=together 共同;form=to shape 形成→“to shape together with 与......共同成形”→]。 v.1 become the same in form相似,一致:The goods conformed to the sample. 货物和货样一致。2 be in agreement with遵照,适应:to conform to the rules遵守规则
conformable
[conform;-able a.]。 a.相似的;相适应的
conformity
[conform;-ity n.]。 n.遵照;相似;一致
conformism
[conform;-ism n.]。 n.因循守旧,墨守成规
conformist
[conform;-ist n./a.]。 n.遵奉习俗者a.墨守成规的
deform
[de-=away离;form=to shape使成形→“to be away from shape使离形”→]。 v. 1 put out of shape使变形:Heat deforms plastic.热使塑料变形。2 spoil the shape of使畸形:Tight shoes may deform feet.鞋子太紧会使脚畸形。
deformation
[deform;-ation n.]。 n.损形;变丑;畸形;变形
deformity
[deform;-ity n.]。 n.畸形状态;畸形的人(或物)
deformable
[deform;-able a.]。 a.能变形的,可使之变形的
transform
[trans-=across到另一方;form=to give shape to使成形→“to give shape across or give one shape from the other使转化、使改观”→]。 v. 1 change in form or appearance 使变形,使改观:A tadpole is transformed into a frog.蝌蚪变成青蛙。2 change in nature or quality使改造,转变:Responsibility transformed him form a careless boy into a capable teacher.责任把他从一个粗心的男孩改变成一位能干的教师。
transformation
[transform;-ation n.]。 n.变化;转变;改革