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fund;found;fus


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fund;found;fus
[L]=to melt; to pour熔化,浇注。从表面上看,常用词confuse,refund和foundry似乎互不相干,其实却是同根生的。它们的词根 fus,fund 和 found 是来自拉丁动词fundere的同源异形根,意思相当于to melt或to pour,即与金属冶炼有关的“熔化”或“浇注”。三个异形根中,fund是不定式词干;found是fund是重读形式;fus是动名词词干。fus的构词能力最强。
confuse
[con-(com-)=together 一起;fus=to melt 熔化;-e→“to melt together and mix up熔化在一起无法分清”→]。 v.1 jumble搞乱,混淆:to confuse black and white混淆黑白2 fail to distinguish分不清,弄糊涂:He was confused about the foreign names in the novel.他被小说中的外国名字弄糊涂了。
confusion
[confus(e);-ion n.]。 n.混乱;慌乱
confusable
[confus(e);-able a.]。 a.可能被混淆的
refuse
[re-=back回;fus=to pour浇灌;-e→“to pour back往回倒灌”→“to be unable to take in不能容纳”→]。 v. be unwilling to accept拒绝:He refused my advice.他不听我的忠告。
refusal
[refus(e);-al n.]。 n.拒绝
profuse
[pro-=forward向前;fus=to pour灌注,倾泻;-e→“to pour forward 向前倾泻”→“liberal to pour out 能随意浇洒的”→]。 a.1 overflowing or overabounding;liberal to excess极其丰富的;过多的:profuse thanks多谢2 lavish;extravagant十分慷慨的;浪费的:He was profuse of his money.他挥金如土。
profusion
[profus(e);-ion n.]。 n.丰富;慷慨;浪费
effuse
[ef-(ex-)=out出;fus=to pour浇注;-e→“to pour out倾注出来”→]。 v.1 pour forth倾吐,抒发:to effuse one's bosom words倾吐肺腑之言 2 flow out; shed 流出;淌出:The blood effused from the wound.血从伤口淌出来。
effusion
[effus(e);-ion n.]。 n.抒发;流出
effusive
[effus(e);-ive a.]。 a.溢于言表的;流出的
fuse
[fus=to melt熔化;-e→]。Iv. melt or join by melting熔化;熔合:The copper and the zinc are fused by heat.铜和锌受热熔合在一起。→II n. device used to break an electric circuit by melting itself 保险丝(自熔以切断电路的装置)
fusion
[fus(e);-ion n.]。 n.熔化;熔合
fusible
[fus(e);-ible n.]。 a.易熔的
refund
[re-=back回;fund=to pour灌注→“to pour back or flow back倒灌或倒流回去”→]。 v. give or pay back归还;偿还:If you are not satisfied with the goods
refundable
[refund;-able a.]。 a.可归还的;可偿还的
foundry
[found=to melt and pour溶注;-ry (-ery) n.=place场所→]。 n. place where metal is melted and poured铸工车间;铸造厂
confound
[con-=together一起;found=to melt熔化→“to melt together熔在一起”→]。 v. mix up mentally;puzzle or confuse使(思想)混乱;混淆:I was always confounded by the twin brothers.我总是分不清这一对孪生兄弟。