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ger;gest


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ger;gest
[L]=to carry运送。ger和gest是一对同源异形根。ger是拉丁动词gerere的不定式词干;gest是这个动词的动名词词干,其意思相当于to carry(运送,携带,传送)。在英语中,ger只出现于belligerent(交战中的),congeries(堆积)和gerund(动名词)等单词中;gest却有较强的孽生能力。
belligerent
[bell (bellum)=war战争;-i-;ger=to carry or wage运送,从事;-ent a.=-ing......的→“carrying or waging war从事战争的”→]。Ia.1 at war交战中的:belligerent countries交战国2 eager to be at war好战的:a belligerent nation好战的民族→IIn. nation
belligerency
[bell;-i-;ger;-ency n.]。 n.交战状态;好战性
digest1
[di-(dis-)=away离;gest=to carry运送→“to carry away 运走或取去”→“to take in吸收进来”→]。 v.1 dissolve food in the stomach消化:This food is hard to digest.这种食物不容易消化。2take in the meaning of领会,理解:to digest an article领会一篇文章
digestion
[digest;-ion n.]。 n.消化;领悟
digestible
[digest;-ible a.]。 a.易消化的
digest2
[di-(dis-)=away离;gest=to carry带→“to carry away from books
suggest
[sug-(sub-)=under 在......下面;gest=to carry 送→“to carry (some idea) from under从下面呈上(某种想法)”→“to bring up for consideration提出以供参考”→]。 v.1 introduce indirectly;imply暗示;启发:His silence suggested agreement. 他的沉默表示同意。2 put forward; propose 建议:I suggest that you leave early for the airport.我建议你早点动身去机场。
suggestion
[suggest;-ion n.]。 n.暗示;建议
suggestive
[suggest;-ive a.]。 a.暗示的
gesture
[gest=to carry传达,表达;-ure n.=the act 表动作→“an act carrying or behaving oneself表达意思的动作”→]。In. movement of body or limbs as expression of feeling 表感情的姿势或手势:The lecturer made a gesture of quiet.演讲人做手势请听众安静。→IIv. make vigorous gestures
gestation
[gest=to carry携带;-ation n.=the condition表行为状况→“the condition of carrying young inside the body 怀胎的状况”→]。 n. the period during which the unborn young must be carried怀孕期,妊娠期:gestation in human beings人类妊娠期
ingest
[in-=into入;gest=to carry运送→“to carry food into the body把食物送进体内”→]。 v. swallow;absorb咽下;吸收:The patient ingested food well.这病人饮食情况良好。
ingestion
[ingest;-ion n.]。 n.咽下;吸收
ingestive
[ingest;-ive n.]。 a.供吸收的
congest
[con-(com-)=together一起;gest=to carry送→“to carry together送到一起来”→]。 v. heap up;cause to be crowded堆积;使拥挤:The streets are often congested on Sundays.星期天街上往往很挤。
congestion
[congest;-ion n.]。 n.拥塞