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Level 54

lud;lus


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lud;lus
[L]=to play or mock玩,戏弄。在常用词delude(欺骗)和illusion(错觉)中可以看到一对异形根lud和lus,它们分别来自拉丁动词ludere及其过去分词lusum,其基本意思是to play or mock,即“玩,戏弄”。
delude
[de-=down下;lud=to play戏弄;-e→“to play down在下面戏弄,贬低”→]。 v. mislead the mind of
delusion
[delus (e);-ion n.]。 n.欺骗;迷惑
illusion
[il-(in-)=in在......内;lus=to play戏弄;-ion n.=the state表状态→“the state of playing in heart在心中戏弄的状态→”]。 n. the state of being fooled;false belief错觉;幻觉:I was under illusion you really cared for me.我错以为你真的很在乎我。
illusionism
[illusion;-ism n.]。 n.引起错觉的艺术手法
illusional
[illusion;-al a.]。 a.错觉的,幻觉的
prelude
[pre-=beforehand事先;lud=to play演奏;-e→“to play before-hand 事先演奏”→]。Iv. play a short music to introduce another奏序曲→IIn.1 short music before a large one序曲:Chopin's preludes肖邦的序曲集2 event before an more important one 预兆,先导:The bombing was just a prelude to the full-scale attack.轰炸只是全面进攻的前兆。
preludial
[prelud (e);-ial a.]。 a.序曲(式)的
preludize
[prelud (e);-ize v.]。 v.作序曲;奏序曲
elude
[e-(ex-)=out在......外;lud=to play玩耍;-e→“to play out of the rule在规则之外玩”→]。 v. avoid capture by
elusion
[e-;lus;-ion n.]。 n.逃避,躲避
ludicrous
[lud=to play or mode戏弄;-icrous (-ous)=having the quality表性质→“having the quality of playing or mocking有戏弄性质的”→]。 a. causing laughters
collude
[col-(com-)=together共;lud=to play耍弄;-e→“to play together共同玩弄”→]。 v. work together secretly for fraud or illegal act共谋,勾结:The union leaders colluded with the management.工会头头跟管理层串通一气。
collusion
[col-;lus;-ion n.]。 n.共谋,勾结
collusive
[col;lus;-ive a.]。 a.共谋的,欺诈的
postlude
[post-=after在......之后;lud=to play演奏;-e→“music that plays after others在其他曲子之后演奏的曲子”→]。 n. concluding music