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mort


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mort
[L]=death死。有生就有死。拉丁语中表示死亡的单词是mors,它的属格mortis为英语留下一个有不少同根词的名词词根mort。常见的同根词有mortal,immortal,mortgage和postmortem。
motral
[mort=death死;-al a.=having the nature 有......特性的→“having the nature of death有死亡特性的”→]。 a.1 that will suffer death终有一死的:Man is martal.人终有一死。2 causing death
mortality
[mortal;-ity n.]。 n.必死性,致命性
immortal
[im-(in-)=not不;mortal a.必死的→]。 a.1 not mortal不朽的:The heroes of people are immortal.人民英雄永垂不朽。2 everlasting永世的,长久的:immortal wisdom永生大智
immortality
[immortal;-ity n.]。 n.不朽;永存
immortalize
[immortal;-ize v.]。 v.使不朽;使名垂千古
mortgage
[mort=death死;gage n.=pledge抵押(品)→“a pledge given in case of one's death为防死亡无法践约而作的抵押”→]。 In. 1 an agreement to give up property if one is unable to pay抵押协议:He signed a 80%mortgage for the new house.他签了百分之八十的抵押贷款协议购新房。2 money loaned to buy a house购房抵押贷款:They bought the flat on a mortgage.他们靠抵押贷款买了单元房。→IIv. place (property) under a mortgage抵押:Faust mortgaged his soul to the devil.浮士德将灵魂抵押给魔鬼。
mortgagor
[mortgag(e);-or n.]。 n.抵押人,押出人
mortgagee
[mortgag(e);-ee n.]。 n.受押人,押入者
postmortem
[post-=after在......之后;mortem=death死→]。 a. after death死后的:postmortem examination验尸→n. examination of body after death验尸,尸体解剖
mortify
[mort=death死;-i-;-fy v.=to make使→“to make or put (someone) to death使(某人)想去死”→]。 v. humiliate (someone) by an injury to self-respect羞辱,使丢脸:He was mortified by his poor marks.他因成绩差感到丢脸。
mortification
[mortif(y);-ication n.]。 n.受辱感;羞愧感
mortician
[most=death 死;-ician (-an) n.=person 人→“a person who handles business of one's death料理死者事务的人”→]。 n. person who conducts burial and funeral services殡葬业者:Morticians make money from the alive.殡葬业赚的是活人的钱。
mortuary
[mort=death死;-u-;-ary n.=place地点→“place provided for the death为亡者提供的场地”→]。 n. building for the bodies of the dead太平间
premortuary
[pre-;mortuary]。 a.葬礼前的
antemortem
[ante-=before在......之前;mortem=death死亡→]。 a. before one's death;dying死前的;临死的:antemortem confession临终忏悔