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press
[L]=to press压。press是个非常显现的拉丁词根,因为它成为英语的单根词press,广为初学者所认识。press来自拉丁动词pressare,意为to press(压),其动名词pressum的词干也是press,所以不存在异形根。
press
[press=to press压→]。Iv.1 put steady force on压:to press the doorbell按门铃2squeeze挤取,榨取:to press the grapes to produce wine榨葡萄汁造酒3 emphasize with force强调,坚持:to press for a reform on the education坚持要求教育改革IIn.1 the act of pressing压,按:three presses on the bell按三下铃2 printed publications or news organizations as a group出版业,新闻机构:Oxford University Press牛津大学出版社
pressing
[press v.;-ing n.]。 a.迫切的;坚持的
pressure
[press v.;-ure n.]。 n.压,按;压力;紧迫
express
[ex-=out出;press=to press压→]。 v.1 press out榨,挤压出:to express juice from the oranges榨橙汁2 show;reveal表达,体现:to express one's anger表露出恼怒3 put into words用言词表达,陈述:to express an idea表述思想
expression
[express;-ion n.]。 n.表达(法);表现;表情
expressive
[express;-ive a.]。 a.表达的;富于表情的
impress
[im-(in-)=in进;press=to press压→]。 v.1 press in;imprint压印;印:to impress one's fingers on a card在卡片上按指印2 affectdeeply; influence 给......深刻印象;使感动:He impressed us as sincere.他的诚恳给我们留下很深的印象。
impression
[impress;-ion n.]。 n.印记;影响;印象
impressive
[impress;-ive a.]。 a.给人以深刻印象的;感人的
oppress
[op-(ob-)=against对抗;press=to press压→“to press against对压,压服→”]。 v. weigh down使沉重,使烦恼:She was oppressed with worry.她心事重重。2 use power over压迫,压制:The tyrant oppressed his countrymen.暴君压迫百姓。
oppression
[oppress;-ion n.]。 n.压迫(手段);压抑,沉闷
oppressive
[oppress;-ive a.]。 a.压迫的;暴虐的;压抑的
compress
[com-=together一起;press=to press压→]。 v.1 press together;force into less space压紧;压缩:to compress cotton into bales将棉花打包 2 condence; shorten 压缩(言语);精练:She compressed one-hour lecture into a ten-minute talk.她将一小时的讲座压缩成十分钟的访谈。
compression
[compress;-ion n.]。 n.压紧,压缩;简练的措词
compressive
[compress;-ive a.]。 a.有压缩力的,起压缩作用的
depress
[de-=down下;press=to press压→]。 v.1 press down压下,按下:Depress the brake pedal.按下刹车闸。2 lessen减少:to depress the income减少收入 3 make sad or gloomy使抑郁,使消沉:The sad movie depressed her.看了那部悲伤的电影她心情抑郁。
depression
[depress;-ion n.]。 n.按下;降低;抑郁;萧条
depressive
[depress;-ive a.]。 a.令人沮丧的;压抑的
repress
[re-=back回;press=to press压→“to press back压回去”→]。 v.1 hold back or keep down抑制,约束:to repress one's anger制怒2 hold down or control unfairly镇压,压制:to repress civil rights压制公民权利
repression
[repress;-ion n.]。 n.抑制;压制;镇压
repressive
[repress;-ive a.]。 a.抑制的,压制的,强制性的
suppress
[sup-(sub-)=under在......之下;press=to press压→“to press down压在下面”→]。 v.1 keep back from public knowledge禁示发表,查禁:to suppress information封锁消息2 hold back deliberately抑制,忍住:to suppress a laugh忍住不笑3put an end to the activities of压制;禁止:to suppress democratic movement压制民主运动
suppression
[suppress;-ion n.]。 n.压制;禁止;忍住;隐瞒
suppressive
[suppress;-ive a.]。 a.压制的;起抑制作用的