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Ionic Bonds


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Ion
Atom or group of atoms with an electrical charge. Atoms become positively charged ions (cations) if they lose electrons and negatively charged ions (anions) if they gain electrons.
Anion
Negatively charged ion, an atom which has gained electrons.
Cation
Positively charged ion, an atom which has lost electrons.
Electrostatic force
Force of attraction between oppositely charged particles, and force of repulsion between particles with the same charge.
Ionic bond
Strong electrostatic force of attraction between oppositely charged ions.
Bond
A force that holds some atoms tightly together.