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Music Theory 58

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the melodic idea on which a composition is based. A theme may also include rhythmic, harmonic, and other factors.
plucking the strings of a bowed string instrument with the fingers
freedom, ease
a soft, slow peasant dance in 6/8 or 12/8 time, often in a minor key. Rather similar to a Pastorale, usually in ABA form. It usually has a melody in dotted rhythms, with a broken chord accompaniment.
quarter note
one fourth the value of a whole note
polytonality, polytonal
The simultaneous use of two or more keys.
pickup beat
one or several unaccented notes of a melody preceding the bar line at the beginning of a phrase. Also called anacrusis.
pedal point
a sustained tone in the bass over which changing harmonies take place.
for, by, from, etc.