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Sanax̂ aĝnaa (The passage of time)


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ataqan chasix̂
one hour
alax chasix
two hours
qankus chasis
three hours
chasim angaa
half an hour
siching chasis ama chasim angaa
four and a half hours
Qanaang chasix̂ masxal?
What time is it?
Ataqan chasix̂ masxakux̂.
It’s one o’clock.
Chaang chasix̂ masxaaĝan hatix̂ chaang minuutas aĝiisakux̂.
It’s a quarter to five.
Chaang chasix̂ inal hatix̂ chaang minuutas agikux̂.
It’s a quarter past five.
Uluung chasim angaa masxakux̂
It’s seven-thirty.
Qilam siching chasix̂
It’s four in the morning.
Siching chasix̂ qilam hadan.
It’s four in the morning.
Amgaax hatix̂ chasix̂.
It’s ten at night.
Hatix̂ chasix̂ amagaax hadan.
It’s ten at night.
Qilam qanaang chasis hax̂tzax̂t?
What time do you get up in the morning?
Qilam atuung chasim angaa hax̂tzaq.
I get up at 6:30.
Qanayaam amgaax txin quyuzax̂t?
What time do you go to bed at night?
Hatix̂ chasim angaa ting quyuzaq
I go to bed at 10:30.
ataqan chasim ilan
in one hour
Alax chasix ilan waaĝaangan aĝikuq.
I’ll come back in two hours.
qilax̂
(1) Good morning | (2) morning
qam agalaa
afternoon
qam aslaan
noon
angalim utmaa
noon
angalikingax̂
evening
amgix̂
night
angalix̂
day
wan angalim kadaa
yesterday
alax angalix kadaa
day before yesterday
wan angalix̂
today
qilagan
tomorrow
wan angalim agalan qilaa
day after tomorrow
qilam
in the morning
qilam hadan
in the morning
amgaax
night
Qilachxizax̂.
Good morning.
Angalikingachxizax̂.
Good evening.
Amgichxizax̂.
Good night.
Wan qilax̂ alqus manax̂t?
What did you do this morning?
Alqus mal qilax̂sinax̂t?
What did you do this morning?
Siching chasis awanaq.
I worked for 4 hours.
Qam agalaa alqus manax̂t?
What did you do this afternoon?
Aniqdus naankanaq.
I took care of the children.
Angalikingaa alqus maamis?
What are you doing tonight?
Ulang anĝaĝinangis as uuznaangan aĝikuq.
I’m having dinner with the family.
nidilix̂
week
Punidiilnikax̂
Monday
Uvtuurnikax̂
Tuesday
Siridax̂
Wednesday
Chitviirkax̂
Thursday
Pyaatninchax̂
Friday
Subuutax̂
Saturday
Vaskrisiiniyax̂
Sunday
nidilim ilan
during the week
nidilim haqanaa
next week
waan kadan nidilix̂
last week
agaluuĝim nidilix̂
last week
alax nidilix agikux̂
two weeks ago
Punidiilnikam ilagaan Pyaatnichax̂ akiitax̂ awazaq.
I work Monday through Friday.
Subuutam angalii ulax̂ hagyayazaq.
On Saturday I do housework.
Vaskrisinyam qilaa kamgazaq.
On Sunday morning I go to church.
Yanvaarix̂
January
Tugidiigamax
January (the main month)
Fivraalix̂
February
Anulgilax̂
February (month of hunting of the cormorants)
Maartax̂
March
Qisagunix̂
March (cold and hungry month)
Apriilax̂
April
Lagim tugidaa
April (month of the Aleutian Canadian goose)
Maayax̂
May
Agaaĝitim tugidaa
May (month when snow squalls are experienced)
Iyuunix̂
June
Iguuĝum tugidaa
June (month when birds are pulled out of their burrows)
Iyuulix̂
July
Aniidam tugidaa
July (month when sea mammals are born)
Avguustax̂
August
Sadignam tugidaa
August (month when young sea mammals become fat)
Sintyaabrax̂
September
Chngulimm tugidaa
September (month of fur shedding and molting)
Uktaabrix̂
October
Ugnam tugidaa
October (month when sea mammals become skinny)
Nuyaabrax̂
November
Kyum tugidaa
November (brown mussel month)
Dikaabrax̂
December
Agalĝalux̂
December (harpoon hunting month)
wan tugidax̂
this month
tugidam haqanaa
next month
tugidam inanaa
last month
waan kadam tugidaa
last month
chaang tugidas inanangis aslaan
five months ago
chaang tugidas agiqangis aslaan
five months ago
qankus tugidas inanangis aslaan
three months ago
alax tugidax haqaasanakix
in two months
wan slux̂
this year
alax slux haqaasanakix
in two years
qankus slus inanangis aslaan
three years ago
qankus slus agiqangis aslaan
three years ago
Slux̂ agil aguun txin ukux̂taangan aĝnaq
I will see you in a year.
Qanan slum kugan aĝax̂tax̂t?
What year were you born?
tiisichax̂ sichiing sisax̂ sichidim hatix̂ alax sluĝanaa
in the year 1942
Qanayaam Atxax̂ hnunax̂t?
When did you move to Atka?
Tiisichax̂ sichiingidim sisax̂ chaangidim hatix̂ alax sluĝanaa hamaaĝanas.
We moved here in 1952.
Alqux̂ angalil?
What’s the date?
Lagim tugidaa ama Pyatnicham angalii ama hatim siching hiisaa.
It’s Friday the 14th of April.
Alqux̂ angalix̂ al?
What day is it?
Uvtuurnikax̂ angalikux̂
Today is Tuesday.
Alqux̂ tugidax̂ al?
What month is it?
Qanayaam aĝaĝit?
When is your birthday?
Aĝana Agalĝalux̂ hatim chaang angalii kugan akux̂.
My birthday is on the 15th of December.
Qanayaam achigaalux̂ txin ayugnizax̂?
When does school start?
Chngulim tugidagan kugan achigaalux̂ txin ayugnizax̂.
School starts on September 1st.
Qanayaam awamis tagadaa txin ayugniiĝan ax̂s?
When does your new job start?
Aniidam tugidaa hatim ataqan angalii kugan txin ayugniiĝan aĝikux̂.
It starts on the 11th of July.
hamahliim
long ago
waan kadan
...days(months, years) ago
waan aslaa
this time
wayaam
nowadays
tachim
not yet
amaatxaĝulax
soon
Aygaxtiqadakux̂.
He is already gone.
Aygaxtiqadal angalix̂.
He is already gone today.
Tachim txin aygaxtilakax̂.
He hasn’t gone yet.
Aygaxtikux̂
(1) He is going. | (2) He is walking.
Waya txin aygaxtikux̂.
He is going right now.
Hitikux̂.
He is going out.
Hitiiĝan ax̂takux̂.
He went out a long time ago (apparently).
Achigaaluqalikux̂.
He started going to school (recently).
Achigaalux̂ hnuuĝan ax̂takux̂.
He went to school a while ago (apparently).
Achigaalux̂ hnux̂taaĝan ax̂takux̂.
He was going to school temporarily.
Hnuqaliiĝan aĝnax̂.
He started going there (daily).
Achigaalux̂ itaangis hiisaa hnuuĝan aĝikux̂.
He is going to school for the first time.
Qilaax̂ achigaalux̂ hnuuĝan aĝnax̂.
This time he’ll go to school early.
Achigaalux̂ hnuĝaaĝan aĝnax̂.
He will go to school soon.
Wayaam uchinikas chaang slux̂tal aguun txidix achigaqalizakus.
Nowadays children start going to school when they are five years old.
Hamahliim aniqdus txidix achigazanaĝulas.
In the past children didn’t go to school.
Ruuzdistvax̂ amaatxaqadakux̂.
Christmas is coming.
Haqaaĝan aqalikux̂.
He will come soon.