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Debate Terms - Part 2


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2AC Block
A preprepared set of arguments for the 2nd affirmative constructive
Flow
Verb: To flow – it means to take notes from your opponent’s speech so that you may answer them in your next speech. Noun – The sheet of paper that holds an argument on it
Frontline
A preprepared set of arguments.
Line-by-line
Answering your opponent’s arguments in order on the flow
Status Quo
A Latin term that means the current conditions of the world, what is happening now.
The Negative Block
The combination of the 2NC & 1NR speaking back to back for 13 minutes
Turn
Proves that your opponent’s argument is the opposite of what they claim
Case
This term refers to the affirmative’s inherency, harms/advantages and solvency. The arguments made in direct response to the affirmative’s arguments in the 1AC are referred to as ‘on-case arguments’ o
Case Turn
Negative arguments that defeat the affirmative case by proving that a particular aff. claim actually goes in the other direction.
Offcase
Negative arguments that are not directly responding to the 1AC, for instance Topicality or a Disadvantage.
Burden of Proof
The contention that a given team must prove an argument to win. Typically, the "burden of proof" shifts to the team presenting an argument.
Citation
The source of a piece of evidence.
Clash
Direct answers from both teams to their opponents arguments.
Evidence
This is the factual support that is used to support an argument. It is published research found in books, journals, periodicals, the internet and/or other published sources.
Implication
The way an argument effects the overall round.
Pairing
A list of which teams are debating each other, the judges for the debates, and the rooms.
Qualifications
The claim to “expert status” of an author or publication.
Presumption
The idea that changing the status quo is risky. If its not broken, don't fix it.
Shell
Shorthand for the initial presentation of an argument -- usually in the constructives.
Tag
A brief summary of a piece of evidence that is read prior to reading the citation and the evidence.
Speaker Points
The points awarded to each speaker that determine placement in the bracket but not the outcome of any single round.
Preempt
An argument that predicts what the opponents will say and responds in advance.
Cross-Examination
The 3 minute portion of the debate where the speaker is questioned by their opponent.
Fiat
The imagination that the plan will happen for the purpose of the debate.