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a custodial sentence
a sentence to be served in a prison or similar institution
to serve out a sentence
to serve the full amount of time in a sentence
a miscarriage of justice
a situation where innocent people are found guilty
a trumped-up charge
invented and false accusation
rising very fast
extenuating circumstances
circumstances that lessen the blame, also "mitigating circumstances"
the trial was adjourned
the trial was suspended till a later time or date
remanded in custody
sent to prison until the trial begins or continues
a unanimous verdict
verdict which all the decision makers agree to
to dismiss the case
to decide that the case is not worth considering
to award damages
money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury.
to contest the verdict
to disagree with the verdict and try to change it
a judge
a person appointed to make legal decisions in a court of law
a jury
a group of twelve citizens who are sworn to decide whether someone is guilty or innocent on the basis of evidence given in the court of law
a witness
a person who sees something happen or is present when something happens
a defendant
a person who is accused of doing something illegal
a victim
a person who is attacked or who is in an accident
a solicitor
a qualified lawyer who gives advice to members of the public and acts for them in legal matters
an offender
a person who commits an offence against the law
a barrister
a lawyer in Britain who has joined the BAR and is qualified to represent a case in the higher courts
an expression used to describe someone who obeys the law
to commit a crime
to do something illegal or something that is considered wrong
to prosecute
to charge someone with a crime and try to show that they are guilty of it in a court of law
to charge with crime
to accuse of a crime
to plead his innocence
To respond to a criminal charge
to acquit
to relieve from a charge of fault or crime; declare not guilty
an evidence
the available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid
a proof
an evidence sufficient to establish a thing as true, or to produce belief in its truth
a guilty verdict
The fact of being responsible for the commission of an offense; moral culpability: The investigation uncovered the suspect's guilt.
to sentence
to condemn to punishment
to be eligible for parole
the conditional release of a person from prison prior to the end of the maximum sentence imposed
to be released
to set free from confinement or bondage
to rehabilitate
to help (a person who has acquired a disability or addiction or who has just been released from prison) to readapt to society or a new job, as by vocational guidance, retraining, or therapy
a misdeed
A wrong or illegal deed; a wrongdoing.
to re-arrest
to arrest someone who has committed a crime for a second time
a deterrent to something
something which deters people from doing something; obstacle
to be lenient
Not harsh or strict; merciful or generous
[noun] bringing back, restoration
a retribution
a severe punishment for something very serious
to reform
to improve by alteration, correction of error, or removal of defects
a spell in prison
a period in jail
a breeding ground
a place or situation that favours the development or occurrence of something
a petty crime
not a serious crime
a violent crime
a crime which includes assault
organized crime
organized group of people commits crimes or engages in criminal enterprises for profit
a white-collar crime
a term mostly referring to business world crimes; Usually crimes committed by businessmen or office workers for financial gain.
a victimless crime
a crime with no apparent victim
to carry out a crime
to commit a crime
to investigate a crime
to detect / solve a crime
to fight crime
to tackle crime
to prevent crime
to preclude crime
a crackdown on crime
a serious attempt to punish people for committing crimes
a life of crime
habitual breaking of the law
a crime wave
a sudden increase in the amount of crime in an area
the incidence of crime
the number of times crime happens or develops
an abduction
an act of capturing, carrying away by force
act of criminal burning of property
an assault
[noun] a violent physical attack
a burglary
illegal entrance into premises with criminal intent
child abuse
physical or emotional mistreatment of a child
distribution of wealth
a comparison of the wealth of various members or groups in a society.
a fraud
If you are promised a million dollars on the Internet, it’s fraud. Fraud is trickery intended to gain an advantage.
special type of Internet crime. When somebody’s website or server is hacked, it means that the server or website is broken.
stopping and stealing a vehicle
a murder
the crime of deliberately killing a person
a manslaughter
killing a person, BUT accidentally - without the intent to do so
violence or threat of violence as a way of trying to achieve a political goal
using secret information to get something in return (usually money)
a felony
a serious crime such as murder or burglary
stealing someone's belongings from pockets or purses
stealing things from a shop or store
a traffic offence
crimes committed on the road. When committing a traffic offence people usually have to pay a fine.
an innocent victim
not deserving to be harmed
to portray somebody as a victim
to present somebody as a victim
a suspect
a person who is believed to be guilty
an attorney
a lawyer who can sue or defend people.
a hearsay evidence
an evidence of those who relate, not what they know themselves, but what they have heard from others.
a criminal evidence
an evidence related to a criminal case;
in the light of evidence / in the face of evidence
[idiom] considering the evidence
not a scrap of evidence
no evidence
an adverse verdict
negative verdict
to appeal against a verdict
to protest a verdict
a favourable verdict
positive verdict
a final verdict
a definitive verdict
a panel of independent judges
judicial division / bench
a High Court Judge
a judge in the High Court
trial by jury
a case in a court with participation of jury
to serve on a jury
carry out responsibilities of a jury
death penalty
known as capital punishment is the execution of a person after judgment by a legal system
a suspended sentence
the judge’s decision to delay a prison or jail sentence.
a probation
a period of time in which a person who has committed a crime is allowed to stay out of prison if that person behaves well.
to suspend a license
usually refers to a driver’s license and means that your license is taken away for a period of time.
corporal punishment
physical punishment
custodial sentence
imprisonment, prison sentence
to ban
sometimes a jury can impose a ban which means that you are prohibited from doing something
a fine
an amount of money an offender must pay
community service
unpaid work beneficial for the community.
a serial criminal
a criminal involved in a number of crimes
to deter
to prevent sth from happening
the act or practice of stopping something bad from happening
juvenile delinquency
delinquency among children
to pass a law
to make sth legal
to introduce regulations
to brought in rules or directives
to standardise the procedure
to make all the rules of one particular type the same as each other
to adhere to standards
to stick to guidelines
to comply with
to conform to something
in breach of the law
an action that breaks a law, rule, or agreement
to satisfy the requirements
to fulfill the demands
to have an obligation
something that you must do for legal or moral reasons
to arrive at an agreement
to reach an agreement
absolutely essential
to seek permission
(formal) to ask for permission
to be granted permission
(formal) to be given permission
to obtain permission
(formal) to receive permission
to tighten controls
to make the rules tougher
to infringe the regulations
(formal) to break the rules
to put in an application
to request sth officially
illegal import or export
drunk driving
(minor crime/offence) driving whilst under the influence of alcohol
to jaywalk
(minor crime/offence) to cross the road at undesignated spot
to run a red light
(minor crime/ offence) to go through traffic lights when they are red
(minor crime/offence) deliberate destruction or damage to a building
teenage crime
juvenile deliquency
to suspend a sentence
to delay a sentence
property in taken away (confiscated)
hospital order
to confine someone to hospital under arrest
house arrest
imprisoned in one's own house rather than in prison
to suspend a license
withholding a person's right to use their driving license for a period of time
to revoke a license
to take away someone's driving license
a non-custodial sentence
a sentence which is not done in prison
community service
punishment by doing community work
a prosecutor
a barrister or other lawyer who conducts the case against a defendant in a criminal court
a hearsay
rumour/unsubstantiated information
a conviction
verdict, formal sentence of a court
a circumstance of the crime
a condition or situation relating to a crime
a circumstantial evidence
something that connects a person indirectly to the crime (for example, a finger print at a crime scene but no actual hard evidence or witness)
crime is prevalent
there is a lot of crime
to be soft on crime
not to have harsh or strict punishments
a diminished responsability
an unbalanced mental state which is considered to make a person less answerable for murder, being recognized as grounds to reduce the charge to that of manslaughter.
to reintegrate someone into society
to help someone return into society
peer pressure
pressure from friends or colleagues
to mimick violent behavior
to copy aggressive actions
a repeated offender
a person who has committed a crime or offence more than once
To have antisocial behaviour
: A behaviour that is harmful to society.
Parental neglect
: not enough care from parents.
(v.) control.
Go off the rails
: start behaving in an unacceptable way.
an objectionable content
(adj.) unpleasant, wrong
(v.) those who are imprisoned
To fritter away time
: misspend time.
(adj.) intended to harm others
To translate to
: change something into something
To corroborate something
: add proof to it.
To serve time
: to be put into prison.
Crime rate
: A measure of the number of crimes recorded in a particular area, over a given period of time, etc.
: a plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose
: cause to change in form, character, or function
: moral or cultural decline as characterized by excessive indulgence in pleasure or luxury.
: a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
: the action of violating someone or something
: completely remove or get rid of (something)
: a sum of money granted by the government or a public body to assist an industry or business so that the price of a commodity or service may remain low or competitive
: (of work) not requiring much skill and lacking prestige
: too great to be overcome
: a judge or magistrate, in particular a judge of the supreme court of a country or state.
: similar in character, form, or function
Capital punishment
: the legally authorized killing of someone as punishment for a crime
To engage in something
: to take part in something; to make somebody take part in something
: a person who does something dishonest or illegal
A profound effect
==>Ms has a profound effect on his students’ writing style.
: responsible for your decisions or actions and expected to explain them when you are asked
a perpetrator
r: a person who commits a crime or does something that is wrong or evil
: done in a way that was planned, not by chance
juvenile criminals
: a criminal who is under 19
Youth crime is rife
: Youth crime is very common.
(n.) behaviour in which you refuse to obey others
(n.) behaviour that is threatening or involves harm
To be given free rein to develop
: go uncontrolled.
(v.) cause people to experience emotion less strongly than before.
Out of boredom
: Because they are bored
To produce extremely destructive effects
: have bad results.
To turn over a new leaf
: To become another person.