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Superior
Above another structure
Inferior
Below another structure
Anterior/Ventral
Toward the front of the body; The navel is anterior to the spine.
Posterior/Dorsal
Toward the back of the body; The spine is posterior to the navel
Sagittal
The plane that runs down through body dividing the body into left and right portions. It can cut through the body but perhaps not be exactly in half.
Midsagittal/Median
Plane that runs vertically through the middle of the human body, dividing it into two equal left segments.
Coronal/Frontal
Plane that divides the body or organ vertically into front/anterior and rear/posterior parts.
Cranial
Head end of body
Caudal
Tail end of body
Transverse/cross-section
Horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions
Medial
Toward the midline (median plane) of the body
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; toward the sides
Proximal
Toward the point of attachment to the body. For example: The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Distal
Away from the point of attachment to the body. For example: The foot is distal to the knee.
Superficial
Toward the surface of the body. For example: The skin is superficial to the muscle.
Deep
Away from the surface of the body. For example: The skeleton is deep to the skin.