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You can use the present progressive to describe repeated or habitual action that is noteworthy (usually, but not always, negative): "Politicians are always lying." "My sister is always watching TV when I'm studying."
How can the present progressive be used to express emotions caused by another's repeated or habitual action?
The present perfect is often used to describe an accomplishment: "I've built a spaceship!"
Which verb tense is often used to announce accomplishments?
Yes. You can use the present perfect to describe a completed past action that has an effect on the present: "The government has raised taxes."
Can the present perfect be used to describe past actions that have a continuing effect in the present?
You can use the present perfect to indicate or ask about experience: A. "Have you ever climbed Mount Everest?" B. "No, I haven't."
Can the present perfect be used to describe experience?
You can use the present perfect progressive to indicate that something began in the past and has not been completed yet: "They've been working on it."
How can the present perfect progressive be used with continuing action?
What is the simple past used for?
Both can describe past habitual or repeated action, but only "used to" can be used for past states or facts.
What's the difference between "used to" and "would"?
In questions and negative statements, it's "use" not "used": "Did you use to study?" "No, I didn't use to study."
What are the negative and question forms of "used to"?
Lie, lay, lain is an intransitive verb meaning to recline. Lay, laid, laid is a transitive verb meaning to place or put down an object.
What's the difference between "lie" and "lay"?
Raise, raised, raised is a transitive verb meaning to lift something to a higher position. Rise, rose, risen is an intransitive verb meaning that something moves to a higher position.
What's the difference between "raise" and "rise"?
Tell indicates that information was intentionally passed from one to another. "Say" and "speak" do not. "Say" focuses on the words or information. "Speak" focuses on the act of making words.
What's the difference between "say", "speak", and "tell"?
1. arrive 2. become 3. receive 4. cause something to happen 5. get up 6. get off (work, an airplane)
What are six uses of "get"?
see hear watch make have let I saw the bear arrive. We watched the it eat our lunch. I made my brother chase it away.
What are six verbs after which subsequent verbs are not used with "to"?
the laws of Moses the temple of Isis NOT Moses' law etc.
Moses and Isis ––possessive form regaring their laws and temple?
red, white, and blue unless FIRM Cravath, Swaine and Moore
Rule regarding serial comma
Aarn said that "she is really tall." Or: Aarn said, "She is really tall." The first correct version is the preferable one
This sentence structure is incorrect: Aarn said, "she is really tall." So is this: Aarn said that "She is really tall." What is correct?
Do not use ellipses (...) at the END of a sentence. Its wrong to do so. For example, this is wrong: Aarn said that "she is tall..." He also said that she is smart.
Can you use ellipses at the end of sentences?
Do not start a sentence with a number. Instead, spell out the number. For example, this is wrong: 100% of interviewees said they like polygamy.
Can you start a sentence with a number?
–January to July, 1992 –April 13, 1978 –Monday, October 4, 1981 –13 April 1978
The proper way to punctuate dates
nonrestrictive relative clsauses are parenthetic, as are similar clauses introduced by conjunctions indicatingt time or place
Rule regarding nonrestrictive relative clauses
Tells whether a verb is active or passive.
What is voice?
Active voice means that the subject if the agent.
What is meant by active voice?
The agent of a sentence is the person or thing that is performing the action represented by the verb.
What is meant by the agent of a sentence?
Passive voice means that the agent is not the subject.
What is meant by passive voice?
This means that the action represented by the verb took place in past time.
What is meant by saying a verb is in past tense?