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The word used to complete the meaning of the linking verb is called a complement.
What is a complement?
Regardless of whether it is a noun or adjective complement, on the home base line, draw a backward falling diagonal after the verb and list the complement.
How do you diagram a subject complement?
Not much. A copula is usually one of the "to be" verbs, though.
What is the difference between a copula and a verb of incomplete predication? II.21
Verbs that represent the subject as acting are active. Verbs that represent the subject as being acted upon are passive.
What is the difference between an active and a passive verb? II.22
Transitive verbs take an object.
What are transitive verbs?
Either, because in sentences with an object the object can always be turned into the subject and thus change the voice to passive.
Are transitive verbs active or passive?
Intransitive verbs are never passive because they have no objects and are powerless to represent anything as acted upon.
Are intransitive verbs active or passive?
Factive verbs are "verbs of making". Things like: They made him president.
What are "factive verbs?"
Either. Always in passive voice. Ex: He was made king. (noun subject complement). It was cut short. (adj subj complement)
Do factive verbs take noun or subject complements in passive voice? II.22
No. Active voice sentences are transitive or intransitive. Active transitive sentences with factive verbs may take an OBJECT complement. Passive sentences do take noun and adjective complements.
Do active voice sentences have noun or adjective complements? II.22
Under the verb, draw a downward diagonal line. Add a horizontal line at the bottom of the diagonal line and write the indirect object on it.
How do you diagram an indirect object?
a nourn or adjective completing the meaning of a transitive verb. it MUST refer to the same person or thing as the OBJECT or modify the OBJECT. Ex: She made us happy.
What is an object complement?
Factive verbs when ACTIVE are transitive and take an object. An object complement completes the meaning of that object.
What type of verbs when active take object complements? II.24
Either, but they must refer only to the object and not to the subject!! Ex: She has left me lonely. You have made the room neat.
Are object complements nouns or adjectives?
On the home base line, after the direct object, place a backward falling diagonal line and write the object complement after that on the baseline.
How do you diagram an object complement?
it is an object retained after a passive verb. The construction is illogical and condemned. Ex: I was paid the money. Or, The money was paid me.
What is the hated and reviled Retained Object? II.25
Words that modify verb, adjectives and other adverbs.
What is an adverb?
Words used to show the relation between nouns and pronouns and other words. Ex: They went to the park.
What is a preposition?
Words that connect words or groups of words. Examples: and, but, or
What is a conjunction?
Words that connect words to show relationships. Examples: either/or, neither/nor, both/and, not only/but (also)
What is a correlative conjunction?
Exclamatory words expressive of sudden emotion and usually followed by an exclamation point.
What is an interjection?
Noun, pronoun, adjective Verb, adverb Preposition, conjunction Interjection Article
What are the nine parts of speech?
was could were
was (is,am) could (can) were
Alliteration Clear visual images Strong verbs Maniac Manhandles Manager Chicken Causes Chuckles in Church Woman and Child Abducted from Shopping Centre!
What gives headlines impact?