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The morpheme that gives a word its primary lexical meaning: helping, reflect.
A morpheme that cannot stand alone as a word. Most affixes are bound(helping, react); some base morphemes are also bound (concise, legal).
A single morpheme that is also a complete word (in contrast to a bound morpheme, which is not).
Words and morphemes that have the same sound and the same spelling but have different meanings: saw/saw; farmer/brighter.
Words that have the same sound, but with both different meanings and different spellings: sale/sail; to/too/two.
A sound or combination of sounds with meaning.
The study of morphemes.
The study of phonemes.
An affix added to the beginning of the word to change its meaning (unlikely, illegal, prescribe, renew) or its class (enable, belittle).
The adjective in pronoun position: “my new coat”; “the big attraction.”
A noun that refers to a collection of individuals: group, team, family. Collective nouns can be replaced by both singular and plural pronouns, depending on the meaning.
The variation in adjectives that indicate a noun’s comparison to another (“Bill is bigger than Tim”). Certain adverbs also have degree variations, with the comparative usually designated by more.
A class of adverb that is the same in form as its corresponding adjective: fast, high, early, late, hard, long, etc.
The variations in adjectives that indicate the simple quality of a noun (“Bill is a big boy”).
The adjective that occupies a complement slot in the sentence as subject complement or object complement.
A noun with individual reference to a person, a historical event, or other name. Proper nouns are capitalized.
The determiner, together with pre- and postdeter- miners that qualify and quantify and in other ways alter its meaning.
A feature of nouns and pronouns, referring to singular and plural.
A structure-class word that qualifies or intensifies an adjective or adverb: “We worked rather slowly”; “The work was very difficult.”
A feature of nouns and pronouns denoting one referent.
The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas: “I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.”