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Level 71

Grammar Definitions: Basics X

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collective nouns
a noun that names a group of people, animals or objects
a word that replaces a noun. They are used to avoid repetition eg. he, she, we, they, I
personal pronouns
words replacing nouns that name people, animals or objects
tense of a verb
the quality of the verb indicating the time in which the action takes place
auxiliary verbs
type of verb also known as helping verbs because they combine with action verbs to form verb phrases
to be
a verb which is not describing a concrete action but a state of being or existing
full stop
a punctuation mark that is used to end the sentence
question mark
A stop sign at the end of a sentence or a group of words that asks a question
apostrophes in contractions
punctuation marks which can be used to show that letters are missing; that is, they abbreviate words. They can also shorten words, they are called contractions
apostrophes in possessives
punctuation marks which can be used to show that letters are missing and that they can also show possession
quotation marks
punctuation marks also called inverted commas which are used to show when someone is speaking
a group of sentences on the same topic or idea. The main sentence is called the topic sentence.
topic sentence
a type of sentence that is usually at the beginning of a paragraph because it introduces a new idea, point or issue
a small group of letters placed at the beginning of a word to change the meaning of that word
Letters or a syllable placed on the end of a root word that adjusts its meaning or usage in some way.
place of origin; origin or source of something; Ex. Gunpowder is of Chinese provenance
indirect speech
speech which is a report of what was said by someone and it does not need quotation marks.
Concrete Nouns
A noun that names a, person, place, or a thing that can come in contact with one or more of the five senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, or smell)
Abstract Nouns
Names we have for ideas, emotions, qualities, processes, occasions and times. Invisible and tangible.
Reflexive Pronouns
Refers to the subject and functions as a complement or an object of a preposition
Interrogative Pronouns
Introduces a question
Relative Pronouns
It introduces a subordinate clause
Demonstrative Adjectives
It tells which one
Proper Adjectives
It is formed from a proper noun and begin with a capital letter
Linking Verbs
A linking verb makes an assertion by joining two words