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Component 01/Section 03 - Issues


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app
Software for phones and tablets usually with one particular purpose.
censorship
The control (usually by a government or organisation) of what information other people can access.
cloud computing
The use of the Internet to store files and provide software. Also known as the cloud.
Computer Misuse Act
Legislation which is designed to protect users from attacks or theft of information. Offences under the act include Hacking, unauthorised access to a computer system or spreading malicious or damaging software (e.g. viruses)
copyright
A legal right that prevents others from copying or modifying your work without permission.
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
Legislation which gives the creators of software (or other things such as paintings, books or music) the right to control the ways in which their material may be used.
Creative Commons Licence
Permits sharing of a creative work as long as certain requests from the original creator are upheld.
cultural issue
An issue which affects a particular religious, ethnic, national or other group.
cyberbullying
Using social media to deliberately harm someone else.
Data Protection Act
Legislation which controls how an individual's personal information may be used or kept by the organisations, businesses or government bodies which process it.
Designs and Patents Act
Part of the Copyright Legislation which protects the planning stages and unique properties of creative items from being copied without the consent of their creator.
digital divide
The inequality created by the fact that some people have greater access to technology than others.
environmental issue
An issue relating to how we impact the natural world.
ethical issue
Something which raises questions of right and wrong.
E-waste
Discarded computer material.
file sharing
Copying files between devices on a network.
Freedom of Information Act
Legislation which provides public access to information held by public authorities.
global divide
The digital divide between different countries.
hacker
A person who tries to illegally access or attack a computer network or device.
intellectual property
An original piece of work (or an idea) that someone has created and belongs to them.
Internet
The ultimate/biggest/best WAN in the world, based around the TCP/IP protocol.
legal issue
An issue relating to what's right and wrong in the eyes of the law.
patent
A licence that protects new inventions, ideas and concepts.
privacy
Used to refer to the factors, techniques and technologies to protect sensitive or personal information on the internet.
public domain
Describes content which has no copyright attached to it.
RSI
A health problem caused by doing repeated movements over a long period of time.
RSI (acronym)
repetitive strain injury
server
A device which provides services for other devices (clients), e.g. file storage/web pages/printer access.
sharing economy
Where people make money from things they already own.
social media
Web applications which allow people to communicate and share content with others online.
software licence
A legal agreement that states how software can be used and distributed.
stakeholder
Somebody who has an interest in or is affected by the decisions of an organisation.
surveillance
The act of monitoring what people are accessing on the Internet.
trolling
The act of trying to provoke public arguments online.
viral
Content on the Internet which has spread rapidly via social media.
virtual server
A software-based server.
WEEE
Legislation which governs how electric and electronic items should be disposed of or recycled
WEEE (acronym)
Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment directive