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Level 1

Basic grammar & vocab


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la
the ♀
la kaza
the house
el hombre
the man
el
the ♂
livro ♂
book
el livro muevo
the new book
muevo
new ♂
la kaza blanka
the white house
blanko
white ♂
perro ♂
dog
El perro es preto.
The dog is black.
preto
black ♂
La kaza no es blanka.
The house is not white.
El hombre es muy yakishikli.
The man is very handsome.
yakishikli
handsome, beautiful ♂
muy
very
El perro blanko es ermozo.
The white dog is beautiful.
ermozo
pretty, beautiful ♂
mujer ♀
woman
una
a, an ♀
una mujer rika
a rich woman
riko
rich ♂
un
a, an ♂
un kamion viejo
an old truck
viejo
old ♂
este
this ♂
Este kamion kolorado no es muevo.
This red truck is not new.
kolorado
red ♂
esta
this ♀
Esta flor es mavi.
This flower is blue.
mavi
blue
flor ♀
flower
kamion, kamiones ♂
truck, trucks
estos
these ♂
Estos kamiones son kolorados.
These trucks are red.
araba, arabas ♀
car, cars
estas
these ♀
Estas arabas son karas.
These cars are expensive.
karo
expensive ♂
akel
that ♂
Akel muchacho es prove.
That boy is poor.
muchacho ♂
boy
prove
poor ♂♀
muchacha ♀
girl
akeya
that ♀
Akeya bufanda no es barata.
That scarf is not cheap.
barato
cheap, inexpensive ♂
bufanda ♀
scarf
akeyos
those ♂
akeyas
those ♀
Akeyos son arvoles altos.
Those are tall trees.
arvole ♂
tree
alto
tall, high ♂
Akeyas kazas no son grandes.
Those houses are not big.
Akeya es una flor mavi.
That is a blue flower.
violeta
purple
Yo so alto.
I am tall. ♂
Tú no sos fea.
You (sg) are not ugly. ♀
feo
ugly ♂
grande
big ♂♀
él es
he is
eya es
she is
él no es
he is not
eya no es
she is not
mozotros semos
we are ♂
mozotras semos
we are ♀
vozotros sosh
you are ♂ (plural)
vozotras sosh
you are ♀ (plural)
eyos son
they are ♂
eyas son
they are ♀
Mozotros semos amigos.
We are friends. ♂
amigo ♂
male friend
amiga ♀
female friend
mi
my
El mi sueter vedre es muevo.
My green sweater is new.
vedre
green ♂♀
sueter ♂
sweater
La mi kasa es chika.
My house is small.
Los mis ermanos son masevos.
My brothers are young.
mansevo
young ♂
ermano ♂
brother
ermana ♀
sister
Las mis ermanas no son viejas.
My sisters are not old.
tu
your (sg)
la tu madre
your (sg) mother
el tu padre
your (sg) father
su
his, her, their (sg)
los tus tiyos i las mis tiyas
your (sg) uncles and my aunts
tiyo ♂
uncle
tiya ♀
aunt
Esta es la su kamizeta.
This is his / her / their T-shirt.
kamizeta ♀
T-shirt
chapines ♂
shoes
los sus chapines
his / her / their shoes
muestro
our (m sg)
Los muestros parientes son espanyoles.
Our relatives are Spanish.
espanyol
Spanish ♂
La muestra lingua es ermoza.
Our language is beautiful.
parientes ♂
relatives
lingua ♀
language
vuestro
your (m pl)
el vuestro gato
your (pl) cat
gato ♂
cat
las vuestras bisikletas
your (pl) bicycles
bisikleta ♀
bicycle
tener
to have
ser
to be (permanent states and qualities)
yo tengo
I have
tú tyenes
you (sg) have
él tyene
he has
eya tyene
she has
mozotros tenemos
we have ♂
vozotros tenésh
you (pl) have ♂
eyos tyenen
they have ♂
La mujer tyene una kaza amariya.
The woman has a yellow house.
amariyo
yellow ♂
rida ♀
handkerchief
de
of
la bufanda de la mujer
the woman's scarf
de la
of the (♀sg)
del
of the (♂sg)
la rida del hombre
the man's handkerchief
los perros de los muchachos
the boys' dogs
de los
of the (♂pl)
de las
of the (♀pl)
las kuklas de las muchachas
the girls' dolls
kukla ♀
doll
djovina ♀
young girl
djoven ♂
young boy
famiya ♀
family
godro
fat ♂
estar
to be (temporary states, location)
Yo estó en kaza.
I am at home.
Ánde estás tú?
Where are you (sg)?
Él está en la Turkiya.
He is in Turkey.
Eya está kansada.
She is tired.
kansado
tired ♂
Turkiya
Turkey
Mozotros estamos en Yerushalayim.
We are in Jerusalem. ♂
Yisrael
Israel
Yerushalayim es la sivdad kapitala de Yisrael.
Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel.
sivdad ♀
city
ay
there is, there are
Ay dos livros sovre la meza.
There are two books on the table.
sovre
on, on top of
no ay
there isn't , there aren't
kashon ♂
drawer
en
in, inside
No ay una yave en el kashon.
There isn't a key in the drawer.
yave ♀
(house) key
Ay un fotolyo de kuero blanko en salon.
There is a white leather armchair in the living room.
kuero
leather
salon
living room
fotolyo
armchair
dormitorio ♂
bedroom
kozina ♀
kitchen
serkano (a)
near, close (to)
Ay una keilá serkano al mi buró.
There's a synagogue near my office.
keilá ♀
synagogue
buró ♂
office
Ay munchas flores en la guerta.
There are a lot of flowers in the garden.
guerta ♀
garden
muncho
much, a lot of (singular)
munchos
many, a lot of (plural)
siya ♀
chair
Ay sesh siya alderredor de la meza.
There are six chairs around the table.
alderredor (de)
around
detrás (de)
behind
debasho (de)
under
kama ♀
bed
lampara ♀
lamp
leche ♀
milk
chay ♂
tea
bira ♀
beer
vino ♂
wine
agua ♀
water
sumo ♂
juice
kafe ♂
coffee
grizo
grey ♂
sol ♂
sun
luna ♀
moon
estreya ♀
star
syelo ♂
sky
kuchara ♀
spoon
kuchiyo ♂
knife
piron ♂
fork
eskola ♀
school
mar ♀
sea
plaj ♀
beach
pan ♂
bread
guevo ♂
egg
alfombra ♀
carpet
payis ♂
country
shefteli ♂
peach
las paras
money
banka ♀
bank
iglezia
church
ponte ♂
bridge
chadir ♂
umbrella
espejo ♂
mirror
akí
here
aya
there
kayente
hot
tivyo
warm
yelado
cold (adjective) ♂
filmo ♂
movie, film
kezo ♂
cheese
pared ♀
wall
ventana ♀
window
puerta ♀
door
montanya ♀
mountain
nave ♂
ship
barko ♂
boat
otomobil ♂
automobile
redoma ♀
bottle
de kolor portokal
orange (color)
una kamiza de kolor portokal
an orange shirt
uno
one
dos
two
tres
three
kuatro
four
sinko
five
sesh
six
syete
seven
ocho
eight
mueve
nine
dyez
ten
onze
eleven
dodze
twelve
tredze
thirteen
katorze
fourteen
kinze
fifteen
dizisésh
sixteen
dizisyete
seventeen
diziocho
eighteen
dizimueve
nineteen
vente
twenty
kolay
easy
porke
because
achákes de
because of
bueno
good ♂
malo
bad ♂
bluza ♀
blouse
djaketa ♀
jacket
fusta ♀
skirt
fustan ♂
dress
diya ♂
day
anyo ♂
year
mez ♂
month
semana ♀
week
avlo
I speak
avlas
you (sg) speak
avla
he/she speaks
avlamos
we speak
avlásh
you (pl) speak
avlán
they speak
vos
you sir, you ma'am (polite form)