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Synagogue
a Jewish house of worship
Tapa
a cloth made from bark that is soaked and beaten into a fabric
Tapestry
a woven product in which the design and the backing are produced at the same time on a device called a loom
Tempera
a type of paint employing egg yolk as the binding medium that is noted for its quick drying rate and flat opaque colors
Tenebroso/Tenebrism
a dramatic dark-and-light contrast in a painting
Terra-cotta
a hard ceramic clay used for building or for making pottery
Tessellation
a decoration using polygonal shapes with no gaps
Tholos tomb
an ancient Mycenaean circular tomb in a beehive shape 2. an ancient Greek circular shrine
Torah
first five books of the Old Testament, written by Moses
Torana
a gateway near a stupa that has two upright poles and three horizontal lintels; usually elaborately carved
Totem pole
a pole carved with ancestral spirits or symbols erected by Pacific Coast Native Americans
Transept
an aisle in a church perpendicular to the nave
Trecento
the 1300s, or fourteenth century in Italian art
Triforium
a gallery or arcade above the arches of the nave, choir, and transepts of a church.
Triglyph
a projecting grooved element alternating with a metope on a Greek temple
Triptych
a picture or relief carving on three panels, typically hinged together side by side and used as an altarpiece
Trompe l'oeil
a form of painting that attempts to represent and object as existing in three dimensions, and therefore resembles the real thing
Trumeau
the central pillar of a medieval portal that stabilizes the structure; is often elaborately decorated
Tympanum
a rounded sculpture placed over the portal of a medieval church
Ukiyo-e
a Japanese genre painting popular from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries
Urna
a spiral or circular dot placed on the forehead of Buddhist images as an auspicious mark
Ushnisha
a protrusion at the top of the head, or the top knot of a Buddha
Vanitas
a theme in still life painting that stresses the brevity of life and the folly of human vanity
Vault
a roof constructed with arches
Groin vault
two barrel vaults that intersect at right angles