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Chacmool
a Mayan figure that is half-sitting and half-lying on its back
Chaitya
a rock-cut shrine in basilican form with a stupa at the endpoint
Chalice
a cup used in a Christian ceremony
Chevet
the east end of a Gothic church
Chiaroscuro
the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting; an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something.
Choir
a space in a chruch between the transept and the apse for a choir or clergymen
Cinquecento
the 1500s, or sixteenth century, in Italian art
Ciré perdue
the lost-wax process. A bronze casting method in which a figure is modeled in clay and covered with wax and then recovered in clay. When fired in a kiln, the wax melts away, leaving a channel between the two layers of clay that can be used as a mold for liquid metal
Clerestory
in architecture, the upper part of the wall of a church, where there is a series of windows
Cloissonné
enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin bands of metal, usually gold or bronze
Cloister
a rectangular open-air monastery courtyard with a covered arcade surrounding it
Close
an enclosed gardenlike area around a cathedral
Coatlicue
an Aztec goddess who is characterized by a savagery only satisfied by human sacrifice
Codex
a manuscript book
Coffer
in architecture, a sunken panel in a building
Collage
a composition made by pasting together different items onto a flat surface
Colophon
1. a commentary on the end panel of a Chinese scroll or 2. an inscription at the end of a manuscript containing relevant information on its publication
Color field
a style of abstract painting characterized by simple shapes and monochromatic color
Compound pier
a pier that appears to be a group or gathering of smaller piers put together
Confucianism
a philosophical belief begun by Confucius that stressed education, devotion to family, mutual respect, and traditional culture
Contrapposto
a graceful arrangement of the body based on tilted shoulders and hips and bent knees
Corbel arch
a vault formed by layers of stone that gradually grow together as they rise until they eventually meet
Coyolxauhqui
an Aztec goddess who dies when she tries to assassinate her mother, Coatlicue
Cornice
a projecting ledge over a wall
Cromlech
a circle of megaliths