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Nave
the main aisle of a church
Necropolis
a large burial area
Negative space
empty space around an object or a person, such as the cut-out areas between a figure's legs or arms in a sculpture
Nirvana
an afterlife in which reincarnation ends and the soul becomes one with the supreme spirit
Oculus
a circular window in a church or a round opening at the top of a dome
Ogee arch
an arch formed by two S-shaped curves that meet at the top
Orans figure
a figure with its hands raised in prayer
Orthogonal
lines that appear to recede toward a vanishing point in a painting with linear perspective
Pagoda
a tower built of many stories. Each succeeding story is identical in style to the one beneath it, only smaller. They typically have dramatically projecting eaves that curl up at the end
Pantocrator
a term that alludes to figures of Christ placed above the altar or in the center of a dome in a Byzantine church
Papyrus
a tall aqautic plant used as a writing surface in ancient Egypt
Pastel
a colored chalk that when mixed with other ingredients produces a medium that has a soft and delicate hue
Pediment
the triangular top of a temple that contains sculpture
Pendentive
a construction shaped like a triangle that transitions the space between flat walls and the base of a round dome
Peristyle
1. an atrium surrounded by columns in a Roman house; 2. a colonnade surrounding a Greek temple
Perspective
having to do with depth and recession in a painting or relief sculpture
Linear Perspective
paintings that achieve a three-dimensionality in the two-dimensional world of the picture plane
Orthogonals
lines in a painting that draw the viewer back in space to a common point called the vanishing point
Atmospheric/Aerial
Landscapes the give the illusion of distance
Pharaoh
a king of ancient Egypt
Photogram
an image made by placing objects on photo-sensitive paper and exposing them to light to produce a silhouette
Pier
a vertical support that holds up an arch or a vault
Pieta
a painting or sculpture of a crucified Chrust lying on the lap of a grieving Mary
Pilaster
a flattened column attached to a wall with a capital, a shaft, and a base
Pinnacle
a pointed sculpture on piers or flying buttresses