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Lexical Word
a single word, a part of a word, or a chain of words that forms the basic elements of a language's lexicon
Grammatical Word, Function Word, Structure Word
a word, such as the, with a particular grammatical role but little identifiable meaning
Ellipsis
The omission of words with grammatical function
Collocation
A known set of two or more words that are commonly associated
Disrupted collocation
A known set of two or more words that has been changed slightly
Lexical field
A group of words in a single category, all relating to eachother
Morpheme
The smallest meaningful unit of a language, similar to syllables
Cohesive
Describes a text that follows a correct structure, not necessary sensically
Coherent
Describes a text that makes sense, gramatically and logically
Antithesis
The use of opposites in a text
Acronym
Initials of words that form a new word
Initialism
Initials of words pronounced separately
Parenthetical Commas
Commas used as brackets
Lexis
The author's choice of words:
Grammar
The structure of sentences and sentence moods:
Discourse
The whole text, it's overall form and structure:
Morphology
The structure of the words:
Phonology
The sounds of a text when spoken:
Graphology
The layout or appearance of a text:
Semantics
The denotations of words without context:
Pragmatics
The connotations of words in context:
Intertextuality
When a text refers to another text
Pidgin, creole
A combination of 2 or more languages
Creolization
When a pidgin begins to be taught as a first language
Patois
British Black English
1999
The year that changes to legal language made it closer to English
Plain English Campaign (1974)
Wanted to spread dangers of jargon
Subversion
Rebelling against societal conventions
Non-reciprocal address forms
Forms of address that defer to one side of the conversation
Linguistic Determinism
The idea that language controls how we think
Bidialectism
Having more than one dialect
1476
Year of printing press