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Level 1

Chapter 1: If not you... Who?


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A situation requiring immediate action
Emergency
Injury and sudden illness
What are the two types of emergencies that require first aid?
A physical condition that requires immediate medical attention (heart attack)
Sudden illness
An illness or injury that impairs a person's ability to circulate oxygenated blood to all parts of his or her body
Life-threatening emergency
A situation that does NOT have an immediate impact on a person's ability to circulate oxygenated blood but still requires medical attention
Non-life-threatening emergency
Reasons for not acting or for hesitating to act in an emergency situation
Barriers to act
Credentialing at the local level, usually entails completing a probationary period and updating and/or recertification to cover changing knowledge and skills
Certification
A layperson (someone who does not have special or advanced medical training or skill) who recognizes an emergency and decided to act
Lay responder
Immediate care given to a person with an injury or sudden illness until more advanced care can be obtained
First aid
Laws that protect people who willingly give first aid without accepting anything in return
Good samaritan laws
Recognize an emergency, act, call 911, give care until help comes
Describe your role in an emergency situation
Fear of doing something wrong. Unsure of what to do. Assuming someone else will do it. Fear of disease. Fear of being sued. The type of injury or illness. Being unsure of when to call 911
What barriers prevent people from responding to emergencies?
Anxiety, restlessness, confusion, depression, anger, nausea, lower attention span, guilt
What are some signs of incident stress?