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Level 3

Chapter 3: Before Giving Care


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The passage of disease from one person to another, while helping a person who has been injured or is ill.
Disease transmission
(Present, Quantity, Entry site, Susceptible) 1. Pathogen is present. 2. Sufficient quantity present. 3. Passes through the correct entry site (mouth, eyes, etc.). 4. A person is susceptible to the pathogen
How are bloodborne pathogens spread?
Safety measures taken to prevent exposure to blood and body fluids when giving care to injured people. Consider all body fluids and substances as infectious
Standard precautions
Identify yourself, give your level of training, Ask if you can help, explain what you see, explain what you will do
In order to obtain consent, you must:
Consent that can be verbal, nonverbal, or through gestures. (If they refuse, still call 911)
Expressed consent
The law assumes that if the person could respond, the person would agree to care
Implied consent
Leaving a person you have started to care for before other help has arrived
Abondonement
Walking assist, two-person seat carry, pack-strap carry, clothes drag, blanket drag, ankle drag
What are some emergency moves to move a person when necessary?