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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951)
one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century
stemmed from the analogy which he made between langauge and games
Wittgensteins early writings
The tractus claimed that
a logical analysis of language which uncovered and displayed the underlying logical form of sentences hidden by natural language was necessary for solving philosophical problems about logic and language
Wittgenstein thought natural languages
such as English and German, lacked precision as sentences can be unclear or misleading.
the lack of precision is a cause of philosophical problems as there could be a gap between how a sentence appears grammatically and what its hidden logical form is
draws attention to various similarities between language and games in order to highlight important features of languages