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Level 27

Use of the subjunctive

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Me alegro de que hayas tenido éxito
I'm glad you were successful.
Es mejor que se lo digan
It's better that they tell him/her.
¿Crees tú que él sea la persona indicada?
Speaker does not agree with the addressee: Do you (really) think he's the right person? (I don't.)
¡Parece mentira que haya ganado la lotería!
It hardly seems possible that he/she has won the lottery!
No porque sea barato lo voy a comprar
The fact that it is cheap doesn't mean I'm going to buy it.
Es posible que no haya entendido
It's possible he/she hasn't understood.
En cuanto llegue, te llamo por teléfono
As soon as I get there, I'll call you.
Sólo puedes ir cuando sepamos la verdad
You can only go when we know the truth.
A pesar de que me critiquen, no desistiré
In spite of the fact that they may criticize me, I won't give up.
En cuanto llegué, te llamé por teléfono
As soon as I got there, I called you.
Sólo pude ir cuando supimos la verdad
I could only go when we knew the truth.
Antes de que te cases, mira lo que haces
Before you marry, look what you're doing.
Siempre que no te quejes, te saco de paseo
Provided you don't complain, I'll take you out for a walk.
por más . noun . que . subjunctive
por muy + adjective + que + subjunctive
Cueste lo que cueste, lo voy a comprar
I'll buy it, whatever it costs.
Sea como sea, no te quiero decir más
Be that as it may, I'm telling you no more. Subjunctive + o no (+ subjunctive)
Aunque estuviera aquí, no le hablaría
Even if he/she were here, I wouldn't talk to him/her. (he/she isn't here)
¡Pero qué estás haciendo!
But what (on earth) are you doing!
Él nos va a ayudar
He's going to help us. (definitely)
¿Vas a venir a mi boda?
Are you coming (= intending to come) to my wedding? (d) In the imperfect, referring to future-in-the-past time:
Podrías estudiar historia. (advice)
You could (= it would be possible for you to) study history.
¿Sabes tocar el piano?
Can you (= do you know how to) play the piano?
Tuvimos que aplazar la reunión
We had to put off the meeting. (b) Imperative