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depravity
moral corruption; wickedness
presumptuous
(of a person or their behaviour) failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate
grandiose
extravagantly or pretentiously imposing in appearance or style
disseminate
spread (something, especially information) widely
eclectic
deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources
servile
having or showing an excessive willingness to serve or please others
voracious
wanting or devouring great quantities of food
convoluted
(especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow
rant
speak or shout at length in an angry, impassioned way
stratagem
a plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end
ornery
bad-tempered or difficult to deal with
sordid
involving immoral or dishonourable actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt
detritus
waste or debris of any kind
turbid
(of a liquid) cloudy, opaque, or thick with suspended matter
moniker
a name or nickname
expiate
make amends or reparation for (guilt or wrongdoing)
surly
bad-tempered and unfriendly
compendious
containing or presenting the essential facts of something in a comprehensive but concise way
lassitude
a state of physical or mental weariness; lack of energy
accretion
growth or increase by the gradual accumulation of additional layers or matter
compunction
a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that prevents or follows the doing of something bad
abnegate
renounce or reject (something desired or valuable)
beguile
charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way
circumlocution
the use of many words where fewer would do, especially in a deliberate attempt to be vague or evasive
diaphanous
(especially of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent
ebullient
cheerful and full of energy
fallacious
based on a mistaken belief
garrulous
excessively talkative, especially on trivial matters
hapless
(especially of a person) unfortunate
impecunious
having little or no money
abject
(of something bad) experienced or present to the maximum degree
gratuitous
done without good reason; uncalled for
abscond
leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to escape from custody or avoid arrest
bane
a cause of great distress or annoyance
duress
threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement
consign
deliver (something) to a person's keeping
dearth
a scarcity or lack of something
egregious
outstandingly bad; shocking
callous
showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
fatuous
silly and pointless
abjure
solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)
calumny
the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander
emollient
having the quality of softening or soothing the skin; attempting to avoid confrontation or anger; calming or conciliatory
debacle
a sudden and ignominious failure; a fiasco
expurgate
remove matter thought to be objectionable or unsuitable from (a text or account)
foil
prevent (something considered wrong or undesirable) from succeeding
bashful
reluctant to draw attention to oneself; shy
abstruse
difficult to understand; obscure
extant
still in existence; surviving
cogent
(of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing
winsome
attractive or appealing in a fresh, innocent way
abdicate
(of a monarch) renounce one's throne
unabashed
not embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed
malleable
(of a metal or other material) able to be hammered or pressed into shape without breaking or cracking
acerbic
(especially of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright
luscious
(of food or drink) having a pleasingly rich, sweet taste
castigate
reprimand (someone) severely
hoodlum
a person who engages in crime and violence; a hooligan or gangster
peregrination
a journey, especially a long or meandering one
indurate
harden
erstwhile
former
panacea
a solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases
tetchy
irritable and bad-tempered
demean
cause a severe loss in the dignity of and respect for (someone or something)
fey
giving an impression of vague unworldliness or mystery
conflagration
an extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property
intrepid
fearless; adventurous (often used for rhetorical or humorous effect)
fickle
changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties or affections
batten
a long flat strip of squared timber or metal used to hold something in place or as a fastening against a wall
prehensile
(chiefly of an animal's limb or tail) capable of grasping
bemoan
express discontent or sorrow over (something)
expostulate
express strong disapproval or disagreement
sumptuous
splendid and expensive-looking
recalcitrant
having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline
loquacious
tending to talk a great deal; talkative
muffle
wrap or cover for warmth; cover or wrap up (a source of sound) to reduce its loudness
hoist
raise (something) by means of ropes and pulleys
thaw
(of ice, snow, or another frozen substance, such as food) become liquid or soft as a result of warming up
froth
a mass of small bubbles in liquid caused by agitation, fermentation, or salivating; worthless or insubstantial talk, ideas, or activities
aversion
a strong dislike or disinclination
oxymoron
a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction (e.g. faith unfaithful kept him falsely true)
adumbrate
represent in outline; foreshadow (a future event)
euphemism
a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing
litotes
ironic understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary (e.g. I shan't be sorry for I shall be glad)
simile
a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g. as brave as a lion)
trope
something such as an idea, phrase, or image that is often used in a particular artist's work, in a particular type of art, etc.
aegis
protection; support
memoriter
by heart; by memory
purloin
to steal something
imprimatur
official permission to do something that is given by a person or group in a position of power
sophistry
a subtle, tricky, superficially plausible, but generally fallacious method of reasoning
perfidious
unable to be trusted, or showing no loyalty
avarice
insatiable greed for riches; inordinate, miserly desire to gain and hoard wealth
ostensible
outwardly appearing as such; professed; pretended; apparent, evident, or conspicuous
inveterate
done as a habit and not likely to change
vaunting
having a boastfully proud disposition; marked by boastful pride
arrogate
to take something without having the right to do so
aspersion
a damaging or derogatory remark or criticism; slander
blandish
to coax or influence by gentle flattery; cajole
boon
something to be thankful for; blessing; benefit
anachronism
someone or something placed in the wrong period in history, or something that belongs to the past rather than the present
circuitous
not straight or direct; roundabout
deleterious
injurious to health; harmful
extenuating
serving to make a fault, offense, etc., appear less serious
hackneyed
used or said so often that it seems ordinary, meaningless, or not sincere
haughty
disdainfully proud; snobbish; scornfully arrogant; supercilious
impetuous
of, relating to, or characterized by sudden or rash action, emotion, etc.; impulsive
impute
to attribute or ascribe
inconsequential
of little or no importance; insignificant; trivial
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others
wary
watchful; being on one's guard against danger
surreptitious
obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine
substantiate
to establish by proof or competent evidence
spurious
not genuine, authentic, or true; not from the claimed, pretended, or proper source; counterfeit
sagacious
having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd
rancor
bitter, rankling resentment or ill will; hatred; malice
querulous
full of complaints; complaining
precocious
unusually advanced or mature in development, especially mental development
parched
dried out because of too much heat
effete
lacking in wholesome vigor; degenerate; decadent
anodyne
a medicine that relieves or allays pain; anything that relieves distress or pain
baleful
full of menacing or malign influences; pernicious
cabal
a small group of secret plotters, as against a government or person in authority
dally
to waste time; loiter; delay
ebb
the flowing back of the tide as the water returns to the sea; a flowing backward or away; decline or decay
facetious
not meant to be taken seriously or literally
gainsay
to deny, dispute, or contradict
harbinger
a person who goes ahead and makes known the approach of another; anything that foreshadows a future event
illimitable
incapable of being limited; limitless; boundless
kismet
fate; destiny
aphasia
the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain
balk
to stop, as at an obstacle, and refuse to proceed or to do something specified (usually followed by at)
canard
a false or baseless, usually derogatory story, report, or rumor
deciduous
shedding the leaves annually, as certain trees and shrubs; not permanent; transitory
edify
to instruct or benefit, especially morally or spiritually; uplift
facile
easy or too easy; not needing effort
garner
to get or earn something valuable or respected, often with difficulty
harangue
a scolding or a long or intense verbal attack; diatribe
immure
to enclose within walls; to shut in; seclude or confine
jaded
lacking interest or desire because of experiencing too much of something
larceny
the crime of taking something that does not belong to you, but not in a way that involves force or the threat of force
malediction
a curse; imprecation
winnow
to reduce a large number of people or things to a much smaller number by judging their quality
venial
able to be forgiven or pardoned; not seriously wrong
uncouth
awkward, clumsy, or unmannerly
throng
a multitude of people crowded or assembled together; crowd
sunder
to break something apart
reprieve
a respite from impending punishment, as from execution of a sentence of death; any respite or temporary relief
qualm
an uncomfortable feeling of doubt about whether you are doing the right thing
puissant
powerful; mighty; potent
aplomb
imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance
beleaguer
to surround or beset, as with troubles
careen
(of a vehicle) to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion
decorous
characterized by dignified propriety in conduct, manners, appearance, character, etc.
effrontery
shameless or impudent boldness; barefaced audacity
fallow
(of land) plowed and left unseeded for a season or more; uncultivated; not in use; inactive
gauche
lacking social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkward; crude; tactless
impugn
to challenge as false (another's statements, motives, etc.); cast doubt upon
juggernaut
any large, overpowering, destructive force or object, as war, a giant battleship, or a powerful football team
licentious
sexually unrestrained; lascivious; libertine; lewd
propinquity
nearness in place; proximity
quaff
to drink a beverage, especially an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment
recondite
not known about by many people and difficult to understand
scurrilous
grossly or obscenely abusive
tawdry
(of finery, trappings, etc.) gaudy; showy and cheap
fallible
(of persons) liable to err, especially in being deceived or mistaken
heterogeneous
composed of parts of different kinds; having widely dissimilar elements or constituents
iota
a very small quantity; jot; whit
jaundiced
affected with or exhibiting prejudice, as from envy or resentment
peruse
to read through with thoroughness or care
apocryphal
of doubtful authorship or authenticity
bevy
a group of birds, as larks or quail, or animals, as roebuck, in close association
cavil
to raise irritating and trivial objections; find fault with unnecessarily (usually followed by at or about)
desultory
lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful
embroil
to bring into discord or conflict; involve in contention or strife
fealty
fidelity to a lord; faithfulness
glib
readily fluent, often thoughtlessly, superficially, or insincerely so
hiatus
a break or interruption in the continuity of a work, series, action, etc.
inane
lacking sense, significance, or ideas; silly
lithe
bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible
preponderate
to exceed something else in weight; be the heavier
blanch
to become white; turn pale
daft
senseless, stupid, or foolish
primogeniture
the state or fact of being the firstborn of children of the same parents
madcap
wildly or heedlessly impulsive; reckless; rash
cavalcade
a procession of persons riding on horses, in horsedrawn carriages, in cars, etc.
apposite
suitable; well-adapted; pertinent; relevant; apt
sultry
oppressively hot and close or moist; sweltering
prowl
to rove or go about stealthily, as in search of prey, something to steal, etc.
prevaricate
speak or act in an evasive way
dalliance
a casual romantic or sexual relationship
grouse
to grumble; complain
scuttle
to run with quick, hasty steps; scurry
eschew
to avoid something intentionally, or to give up something
brittle
easily damaged or destroyed; fragile; frail
mordant
sharply caustic or sarcastic, as wit or a speaker; biting; burning; corrosive
while
to cause (time) to pass, especially in some easy or pleasant manner (usually followed by away)
conjecture
the formation or expression of an opinion or theory without sufficient evidence for proof
verve
enthusiasm or vigor, as in literary or artistic work; spirit
imbroglio
a misunderstanding, disagreement, etc., of a complicated or bitter nature, as between persons or nations
augur
to be a sign of especially good or bad things in the future
aver
to assert or affirm with confidence; declare in a positive or peremptory manner
peroration
the concluding part of a speech or discourse, in which the speaker or writer recapitulates the principal points and urges them with greater earnestness and force
obviate
to anticipate and prevent or eliminate (difficulties, disadvantages, etc.) by effective measures; render unnecessary
umbrage
to feel upset or annoyed, usually because you feel that someone has been rude or shown no respect to you
perspicacious
quick in noticing, understanding, or judging things accurately
delusive
tending to delude; misleading; deceptive
insouciant
free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant
blot
a spot or stain, especially of ink on paper; a blemish on a person's character or reputation
martinet
a strict disciplinarian, especially a military one; someone who stubbornly adheres to methods or rules
stodgy
heavy, dull, or uninteresting; tediously commonplace; boring
pauper
a person without any means of support, especially a destitute person who depends on aid from public welfare funds or charity
wistful
characterized by melancholy; longing; yearning
inscrutable
incapable of being investigated, analyzed, or scrutinized; impenetrable
encomium
a formal expression of high praise; eulogy
harry
to harass, annoy, or prove a nuisance to by or as if by repeated attacks; worry
bludgeon
to hit someone hard and repeatedly with a heavy weapon; to force into something; coerce; bully
fracas
a noisy, disorderly disturbance or fight; riotous brawl; uproar
captious
often expressing criticisms about matters that are not important
repine
to feel sad or complain about something, especially a bad situation
peripatetic
walking or traveling about; itinerant
schmuck
a foolish or contemptible person
miasma
a highly unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapor
drivel
silly nonsense
opprobrium
the disgrace or the reproach incurred by conduct considered outrageously shameful; infamy
mendicant
begging; practicing begging; living on alms
usurer
a person who lends money and charges interest, especially at an exorbitant or unlawful rate; moneylender
dingy
of a dark, dull, or dirty color or aspect; lacking brightness or freshness
irreverent
lacking the expected respect for official, important, or holy things
semiotic
of or relating to signs
odium
intense hatred or dislike, especially toward a person or thing regarded as contemptible, despicable, or repugnant
feckless
(of a person) lacking in efficiency or vitality
retort
to reply to, usually in a sharp or retaliatory way; reply in kind to
subterfuge
deceit used in order to achieve one's goal
interstice
a space between things or events
portent
an indication or omen of something about to happen, especially something momentous
sinecure
an office or position requiring little or no work, especially one yielding profitable returns
poignant
causing a feeling of sadness
bedlam
a scene or state of wild uproar and confusion
spurt
to flow out suddenly and with force
immanent
present as a natural and permanent part of something
understatement
the act or an instance of understating, or representing in a weak or restrained way that is not borne out by the facts
wiry
resembling wire, as in form, stiffness, etc.; lean and sinew
supercilious
haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression
ineluctable
incapable of being evaded; inescapable
hokum
out-and-out nonsense; bunkum
zeitgeist
the spirit of the time; general trend of thought or feeling characteristic of a particular period of time
in situ
situated in the original, natural, or existing place or position
avuncular
of, relating to, or characteristic of an uncle
contiguous
touching; in contact
skedaddle
to run away hurriedly; flee
nebbish
a pitifully ineffectual, luckless, and timid person
caper
a playful leap or skip; a prank or trick; harebrained escapade
feculent
full of dregs or fecal matter; foul, turbid, or muddy
consumptive
tending to consume; destructive; wasteful
sallow
of a sickly, yellowish or lightish brown color
dudgeon
a feeling of offense or resentment; anger
hireling
a person who works only for pay, especially in a menial or boring job, with little or no concern for the value of the work
rive
to tear or rend apart
dilatory
tending to delay or procrastinate; slow; tardy
nonpareil
having no equal; peerless
feeble
physically weak, as from age or sickness; frail
duly
in a due manner; properly; fittingly
bridle
part of the tack or harness of a horse, consisting usually of a headstall, bit, and reins; anything that restrains or curbs
cull
reduce the population of (a wild animal) by selective slaughter
exegesis
critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, especially of the Bible
herald
a person or thing that precedes or comes before; forerunner; harbinger
incestuous
(of human relations) excessively close and resistant to outside influence
profuse
spending or giving freely and in large amount, often to excess; extravagant (often followed by in)
cohesion
the action or fact of forming a united whole
demesne
possession of land as one's own; an estate or part of an estate occupied and controlled by, and worked for the exclusive use of, the owner
paunch
a large and protruding belly; potbelly
commensurate
corresponding in amount, magnitude, or degree
peremptory
(esp. of a person's manner or actions) insisting on immediate attention or obedience
sachem
the chief of a tribe
waft
to carry lightly and smoothly through the air or over water
sufferance
passive permission resulting from lack of interference; tolerance, especially of something wrong or illegal (usually preceded by on or by)
underlie
to lie under or beneath; be situated under; to be at the basis of; form the foundation of
halcyon
denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful
sally
a sudden charge out of a besieged place against the enemy; a sortie
morass
an area of muddy or boggy ground
umpire
(in some sports) an official who watches a game or match closely to enforce the rules and arbitrate on matters arising from the play
incommensurate
out of keeping or proportion with
welsh
fail to honour (a debt or obligation incurred through a promise or agreement)
smite
strike with a firm blow
promontory
a point of high land that juts out into the sea or a large lake; a headland
causeway
a raised road or track across low or wet ground
heirloom
a valuable object that has belonged to a family for several generations
obtuse
annoyingly insensitive or slow to understand
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
swarthy
dark-complexioned
mien
a person's appearance or manner, especially as an indication of their character or mood
swank
display one's wealth, knowledge, or achievements in a way that is intended to impress others
debouch
emerge from a confined space into a wide, open area
leery
cautious or wary due to realistic suspicions
gyre
a spiral or vortex
listless
(of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm
gingerly
in a careful or cautious manner
intersperse
scatter among or between other things; place here and there
taut
stretched or pulled tight; not slack
pertain
be appropriate, related, or applicable to
hindmost
furthest back
misbegotten
badly conceived or planned
antsy
agitated, impatient, or restless
pernicious
having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way
mendacious
not telling the truth; lying
ratchet
cause something to rise (or fall) as a step in what is perceived as an irreversible process
pillory
attack or ridicule publicly
vagary
an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone's behaviour
thrash
beat (a person or animal) repeatedly and violently with a stick or whip
adamant
refusing to be persuaded or to change one's mind
bereft
deprived of or lacking (something)
cavort
jump or dance around excitedly
demagogue
a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument
embezzlement
theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one's trust or belonging to one's employer
traipse
walk or move wearily or reluctantly
ineradicable
unable to be destroyed or removed
enjoin
instruct or urge (someone) to do something
lest
with the intention of preventing (something undesirable); to avoid the risk of
inextricably
in a way that is impossible to disentangle or separate
cupidity
greed for money or possessions
demure
(of a woman or her behaviour) reserved, modest, and shy
enervate
make (someone) feel drained of energy or vitality
fractious
(typically of children) irritable and quarrelsome
ignominious
deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
foist
impose an unwelcome or unnecessary person or thing on
grovel
lie or crawl abjectly on the ground with one's face downwards; act obsequiously in order to obtain forgiveness or favor
hone
sharpen (a blade); refine or perfect (something) over a period of time
inchoate
just begun and so not fully formed or developed; rudimentary
limpid
(of a liquid) completely clear and transparent
injunction
an authoritative warning or order
discordant
disagreeing or incongruous
contention
heated disagreement; an assertion, especially one maintained in argument
daunt
make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive
latent
(of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden or concealed
agog
very eager or curious to hear or see something
piquancy
a pleasantly sharp and appetizing flavour; spiciness; the quality of being pleasantly stimulating or exciting; interest
palter
equivocate or prevaricate in action or speech
inveigh
speak or write about (something) with great hostility
mulish
resembling or likened to a mule in being stubborn
indelible
(of ink or a pen) making marks that cannot be removed; not able to be forgotten
loom
appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
palpable
(of a feeling or atmosphere) so intense as to seem almost tangible
precipitate
cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely
parlance
a particular way of speaking or using words, especially a way common to those with a particular job or interest
apprise
inform or tell (someone)
engender
cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition)
intransigent
unwilling or refusing to change one's views or to agree about something
consternation
a feeling of anxiety or dismay, typically at something unexpected
ensconce
establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place
asperity
harshness of tone or manner
depredation
an act of attacking or plundering
filial
relating to or due from a son or daughter
goad
provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate an action or reaction
incumbent
necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility; (of an official or regime) currently holding office
toddle
(of a young child) move with short unsteady steps while learning to walk
waylay
stop or interrupt (someone) and detain them in conversation or trouble them in some other way
lecherous
having or showing excessive or offensive sexual desire
wallop
strike or hit very hard
scrumptious
(of food) extremely appetizing or delicious
wilt
(of a plant, leaf, or flower) become limp through heat, loss of water, or disease; droop
penchant
a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something
gumption
shrewd or spirited initiative and resourcefulness
gruff
(of a voice) rough and low in pitch
facsimile
an exact copy, especially of written or printed material
whiplash
jerk or jolt (someone or something) suddenly, typically so as to cause injury; move suddenly and forcefully, like a whip being cracked
culpability
responsibility for a fault or wrong; blame
countenance
a person's face or facial expression
wanton
(of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked
vapid
offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging; bland
autarky
economic independence or self-sufficiency
febrile
having or showing the symptoms of a fever; characterized by a great deal of nervous excitement or energy
lurid
unpleasantly bright in color, especially so as to create a harsh or unnatural effect; presented in vividly shocking or sensational terms
conjuncture
a combination of events
rumble
make a continuous deep, resonant sound
ascendant
rising in power or influence
foreboding
a feeling that something bad will happen; fearful apprehension
laden
heavily loaded or weighed down
parlous
full of danger or uncertainty; precarious
surfeit
an excessive amount of something
despondent
in low spirits from loss of hope or courage
clerisy
learned or literary people regarded as a social group or class
tally
a current score or amount
vicissitude
a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant
lurch
make an abrupt, unsteady, uncontrolled movement or series of movements; stagger