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Congress is most likely to exert oversight of the executive bureaucracy in which of the following ways?
Control the agency's budget
One of the formal tools used by Congress for oversight of the bureaucracy is
Authorization of Spending
When independent regulatory agencies make rules, enforce those rules, and adjudicate disputes arising under those rules, they risk violating the constitutional concept of
Separation of powers
an administrative agency, an interest group, and a congressional committee
Iron Triangle
Which of the following is a legitimate criticism of the federal Civil Service?
Firing incompetents is extremely difficult
Agencies that regulate certain industries to protect the public interest.
Independent Regulatory Agency
The spoils system of awarding civil service jobs was replaced by the merit system as a result of the
Pendleton Act of 1883
Rules and regulations created by an agency such as the Federal Communications Commission are called
Administrative Law
Fundamental Source of bureaucratic power
Ability to set specific guidelines after receiving a general mandate from Congress.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are examples of
Independent agencies
Independent regulatory agencies are controlled by
led by a group of commissioners representing both major political parties.
What is responsible for the preparation of executive spending proposals submitted to Congress?
Office of Management and Budget
An advantage that bureaucrats in federal government have over the President in the policy making process is that bureaucrats
Continuity of Service
Rules made by bureaucratic agencies make rules to fulfill a mission
Members of the bureaucracy have to qualify through testing and other qualifications
Merit System
Department that includes ICE, immigration, border security, coast guard, TSA, and secret service
Department of Homeland Security
Department covering all movement of vehicles like the FAA and National Highway safety Administration
Department of Transportation
Hospitals, pensions, job training, and funerals for ex-soldiers
Department of Veteran Affairs
Department that provides funding and research for schools and college loans and aid
Department of Education
Agency that is responsible for creating regulation to create clean air and water
Environmental Protection Agency
Independent regulatory commission that tries to control campaign spending
Federal Elections Commission
Creates rules for public companies and stock markets
Securities and Exchange Commission
Bureaucratic heads can be forced to testify before Congress and justify their regulations
Committee Hearings
Congressional Committees oversee bureaucracies and can change their budgets and hold hearings to investigate to keep them in line
Congressional Oversight
Congress can influence bureaucracy through their control of the budget process
Power of the Purse
an alliance of various interest groups and individuals who unite in order to promote a common cause or agenda in a way that influences government policy.
issue network
a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends, and relatives as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party
political patronage
is the process that executive and independent agencies use to create, or promulgate, regulations.
rule-making authority