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Agricultural Regions & Practices

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intensive agriculture
agriculture that requires large amounts of input or labor for a relatively small plot of land
extensive agriculture
agriculture that requires relatively little labor or input for a relatively large plot of land
wet-rice farming
intensive subsistence agriculture, mostly in Asia (South and Southeast)
Mediterranean agriculture
intensive commercial agriculture that involves growing crops such as avocados, grapes, and olives
plantation agriculture
intensive commercial agriculture that involves the cultivation of cash crops
truck farming
intensive commercial agriculture that involves the growing of vegetables for market
market gardening
another term for truck farming
pastoralism/pastoral nomadism
the continual seasonal movement of raising and grazing livestock
shifting cultivation
extensive subsistence practice that clears existing vegetation, plants and harvests crops, and then moves to a new plot of land for the next season
slash and burn agriculture
type of shifting cultivation where land is cleared of existing vegetation, remaining vegetation is burned for use as fertilizer, plants are grown and harvested until nutrients are depleted, and then the process is repeated on a new plot of land
swidden agriculture
another term for slash and burn agriculture
Von Thunen Model
agricultural model created before industrialization that predicted the location of types of agriculture
land-rent/bid-rent curve
graph showing the relationship between the cost of land and the distance to the town center
goes bad, rots quickly
region around a city from which fresh milk can be delivered without spoiling in transit
agricultural land that is not being used to allow natural vegetation to return and replenish nutrients in the soil
suitcase farmers
people who have city jobs but also own agricultural land in rural areas
growing of different types plants between the rows of other plants
growing of different types of plants on the same plot of land within the same growing period
the destruction of forests or forested areas by human or natural means
commodity crop
crop grown in large quantities for sale to larger markets, usually non-perishable and easily stored
staple crop
crop that is the basis or dominant food of a population's diet (e.g. corn, wheat)
specialized/luxury crop
crop not essential for human survival but typically sold as a luxury product