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Biomes 3.0: Deeper Still


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Summer
the hottest of the four temperate seasons, falling after spring and before autumn
Winter
the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones, falling after autumn and before spring
Ice Caps
a high-latitude region of a planet, dwarf planet, or natural satellite that is covered in ice
Tundra
a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
Barren
the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
Porous
having minute spaces or holes through which liquid or air may pass
Grassland
a large open area of country covered with grass, especially one used for grazing
Monsoon
a seasonal storm in the region of South and Southeast Asia, bringing heavy rain between May and September
Woodland
land covered with trees
Savanna
a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees
Environment
the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area
Nomadic
people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock
Circulation
movement to and fro or around something, especially that of fluid in a closed system
Flora
the plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period
Fauna
the animals of a particular region, habitat, or geological period
Terrain
a stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features
Climate
the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period
Indigenous
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native
Photosynthesis
the process by which many plants and other organisms use sunlight to make foods from carbon dioxide and water
Shrub
a woody plant that is smaller than a tree and has several main stems arising at or near the ground
Root
the part of a plant that attaches it to the ground, conveying water and nourishment to the rest of the plant
Nurse Logs
a fallen tree which, as it decays, supports the growth of other plants
Decay
the state or process of rotting or decomposition
Interaction
how things work together and impact each other
Camouflage
an animal's natural coloring or form that enables it to blend in with its surroundings
Migration
seasonal movement of animals from one region to another
Hibernation
the condition or period of an animal or plant spending the winter in a dormant state
Nocturnal
active at night
Endangered
seriously at risk of extinction
Omnivore
an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal origin
Elevation
height above a given level, especially sea level
Slope
a surface of which one end or side is at a higher level than another
Nutrient
a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life
Wetlands
land consisting of marshes or swamps; saturated land
Suppress
prevent or inhibit
Humidity
moisture in the air
Erosion
the process of surface material being stripped away by wind, water, or other natural agents
Epiphytes
plants that grow on other plants without hurting them
Arachnids
arthropods like spiders and scorpions
Loincloth
a single piece of cloth wrapped around the hips, typically worn by people in some hot places as their only garment
Manioc
another word for cassava
Cassava
the starchy tuberous root of a tropical tree, used as food in tropical places
Fur
the short, fine, soft hair of certain animals
Feathers
any of the flat plumage growing from a bird's skin
Temperature
the degree or intensity of heat
Snowshoe Rabbit
a species of hare found in North America.
Seasonal Changes
differences in weather base on time of year and angle of the sun’s arc across the sky
Permafrost
a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains frozen throughout the year, occurring chiefly in polar regions
Hemisphere
a half of the earth, often divided into northern and southern halves by the equator
Antarctica
Earth's southernmost continent
Precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground
Global Warming
a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere due mainly to carbon dioxide
Saturated
holding as much water or moisture as can be absorbed; thoroughly soaked
Herbivore
an animal that feeds on plants
Tactic
an action or strategy carefully planned to achieve a specific end
Hide
the skin of an animal, especially when tanned or dressed
Manufactured
make (something) on a large scale using machinery
Caribou
a large North American reindeer
Local
belonging or relating to a particular area or region
Deer
a hoofed grazing or browsing animal, with branched, bony antlers that are shed annually
Weather
the state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc
Kwakiutl
the indigenous people of the northwestern Pacific coast, living mainly on Vancouver Island
Bedrock
solid rock underlying loose deposits such as soil or alluvium
Oasis
a fertile spot in a desert where water is found
Dune
a mound or ridge of sand or other loose sediment formed by the wind, especially on the sea coast or in a desert
Sailing Stones
rocks that move and make long tracks along a smooth valley floor without human or animal intervention
Mediterranean
the region around the Mediterranean Sea, including Southern Europe and Northern Africa
Evolve
develop gradually, especially from a simple to a more complex form
Vegetation
plants considered collectively, especially those found in a particular area or habitat
Diversity
a range of different things
Resources
things available for use
Edible
fit to be eaten
Chumash
the indigenous people inhabiting coastal parts of southern California
Proliferate
increase rapidly in numbers; multiply
Thatched
covered (a roof or a building) with straw or a similar material
Needles
one of the slender needle-shaped leaves of a pine tree
Deciduous
(of a tree or shrub) shedding its leaves annually
Taiga
the sometimes swampy coniferous forest of high northern latitudes
Parasitism
a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism
Xerocole
an animal adapted to live in the desert
Conservation
the practice of using a resource efficiently to reduce waste
Dehydration
a harmful reduction in the amount of water in the body
Starvation
suffering or death caused by hunger
Metabolism
the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life
Burrow
a hole or tunnel dug by a small animal, especially a rabbit, as a dwelling
Celsius
the scale of temperature in which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° under standard conditions
Fahrenheit
scale of temperature on which water freezes at 32° and boils at 212° under standard conditions
Amphibians
a cold-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that comprises the frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders
Blue Morpho
among the largest butterflies in the world, with wings spanning from five to eight inches
Capybara
a South American mammal that resembles a giant, long-legged guinea pig
Bearberry
a creeping dwarf shrub of the heath family, with pinkish flowers and bright red berries
Symbiosis
interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically helpful to both
Caribou Moss
a light-colored, fruticose lichen, found primarily in areas of alpine tundra, that is extremely cold-hardy
Adaptation
a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment
Labrador Tea
a native perennial shrub which inhabits the bogs, swamps, and wet conifer forests of northern North America
Primate
a mammal of an order that includes the lemurs, bushbabies, tarsiers, marmosets, monkeys, apes, and humans
Predator
an animal that naturally preys on others
Prey
an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
Maturity
the state, fact, or period of being mature or fully-grown
Troop
a group of people or animals of a particular kind
Opportunistic
able to spread quickly in a previously unexploited habitat.
Vegetable Dye
dyes or colorants derived from plants,
Drought
a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall; a shortage of water resulting from this
Eucalyptus
a fast-growing evergreen Australasian tree that has been widely introduced elsewhere
Wildfire
a large, destructive fire that spreads quickly over woodland or brush
Acacia
a tree or shrub of warm climates that bears spikes or clusters of yellow or white flowers and is frequently thorny
Baobab
a short tree with an enormously thick trunk and large edible fruit
Hardpan
a hardened impervious layer, typically of clay, occurring in or below the soil slows drainage and plant growth
Cactus
succulent plant with a thick, fleshy stem that typically has spines, lacks leaves, and has brilliantly colored flowers
Scarce
occurring in small numbers or quantities; rare
Native
of indigenous origin or growth
Seal
a fish-eating aquatic mammal with a streamlined body and f flippers that breeds and rests on land
Reindeer
a deer of the tundra and subarctic regions of Eurasia and North America, both sexes of which have large antlers
Salmon
a large edible fish, much prized for its pink flesh, which mature in the sea but migrate to freshwater to spawn
Igloo
a dome-shaped house, typically built from blocks of solid snow
Harpoon
a barbed, spearlike missile attached to a rope and thrown by hand or fired from a gun, used for hunting at sea