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Chiaroscuro
The treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting.
Collage
a piece of art made by sticking various different materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric on to a backing.
Primary colours
The main colors that stem to produce any other secondary, tertiary, etc colors
Cropping
cut the edges of (a photograph) in order to produce a better picture or to fit a given space
Cross-hatching
The method of shading with intersecting paralel lines
Easel
a wooden frame for holding an artist’s work while it is being painted or drawn.
Fixative
a substance used to keep things in position or stick them together OR a liquid sprayed on to a pastel or charcoal drawing to fix colours or prevent smudging OR a substance used to stabilize the volatile components of perfume.
Foreshortening
portray or show (an object or view) as closer than it really is or as having less depth or distance, as an effect of perspective or the angle of vision: seen from the road, the mountain is greatly foreshortened.'
Frottage
the technique or process of taking a rubbing from an uneven surface to form the basis of a work of art.
Vanishing point
the point at which receding parallel lines viewed in perspective appear to converge.
Impasto
Thick, heavy application of paint
Maquette
a sculptor’s small preliminary model or sketch.
Media
Different methods used in work and items: 'He used a wide range of medias, he often used sketching'
Mobile
able to move or be moved freely or easily OR accommodated in a vehicle so as to travel around and serve various places
Monochrome
a photograph or picture developed or executed in black and white or in varying tones of only one color.
Mosaic
a picture or pattern produced by arranging together small pieces of stone, tile, glass, etc or colours.
Negative space
Is the space around and between the subject(s) of an image
Portfolio
a large, thin, flat case for loose sheets of paper such as drawings or maps
Proportion
The relationn of 1 thing to a size of something else
Relief
a representation of relief given by an arrangement of line or colour or shading.
Sculpture
the art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster
Secondary colours
The colours that are made by mixing the three primary colours with each other: red, blue, yellow
Still life
a painting or drawing of an arrangement of objects, typically including fruit and flowers and objects contrasting with these in texture, such as bowls and glassware.
Silkscreen
a screen of fine mesh
Stretcher
a framework of two poles with a long piece of canvas slung between them, used for carrying sick, injured, or dead people.
Trompe L'oeil
visual illusion in art, especially as used to trick the eye into perceiving a painted detail as a three-dimensional object:
Stipple
in drawing, painting, and engraving) mark (a surface) with numerous small dots or specks
Portrait
a painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders:
Composition
the nature of something’s ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up:
Transcription
a written or printed version of something; a transcript:
Triptych
a picture or relief carving on three panels, typically hinged together vertically and used as an altarpiece:
Bust
a sculpture of a person’s head, shoulders, and chest.
Anatomy
the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts
Ceramics
made of clay and permanently hardened by heat: