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Level 6

Diseases & Injuries


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acute
an acute illness or disease quickly becomes very serious
to be allergic to
to have an allergy to something
chronic
a chronic disease or illness is one that continues for a long time
congenital
affected someone since they were born
contagious
can be passed from person to person by touch
catching
easily passed to other people
infectious
can be passed from one person to another, especially through the air
familial
typical of a family
metabolic
relating to your body's metabolism (food into energy)
nutritional
relating to the substances in food that help you to stay healthy
psychosomatic
caused by fear or anxiety rather than by a physical problem
bite
a small hole made where an animal or insect has bitten you
blister
a swelling on your skin containing clear liquid, caused by burn
bruise
a purple or brown mark on your skin that you get when fall
cut
a wound that is caused when something sharp cuts your skin
graze
a wound caused by rubbing that slightly breaks the surface of your skin
scar
a permanent mark that is left on skin after a cut or wound
scratch
a small cut on someone's skin
spot
a small round red area on someone's skin that shows that they are ill
sting
a wound or mark made when an insect or plant stings you
gash
a large deep cut or hole in something, for example in a person's skin
fracture
a crack or broken part in a bone
sprain
a damage of a joint in your body caused by a sudden twist of it