Level 6 Level 8
Level 7

Grammar: Number and Pronouns


88 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Singular
one object
Dual
two objects
Duoplural
two or more objects
Plural
more than two objects
Distributive Plural
more than two objects with each object associated with the action indicated by the verb
da-
Distributive Plural Prefix
Use of da- for nouns
expressing individual objects rather than a collection of them
shí
First Person Singular Subject Pronoun
nihí
First Person Dual Subject Pronoun
danihí
First Person Distributive Plural Subject Pronoun
ni
Second Person Singular Subject Pronoun
nihí
Second Person Dual Subject Pronoun
danihí
Second Person Distributive Plural Subject Pronoun
Third Person Singular Subject Pronoun
Third Person Dual Subject Pronoun
daabí
Third Person Distributive Plural Subject Pronoun
3a person perspective
Third Person, roughly translates to the pronoun "one." It is also used in polite conversation.
3a Person Singular Subject Pronoun
3a Person Dual Subject Pronoun
daahó
3a Person Distributive Plural Subject Pronoun
t'áá / -í
Reflexive Pronoun Prefix / Suffix
t'áá shíhí
I myself
t'áá nihí
you yourself
t'áá bíhí
he himself
Possessive Pronoun Standard Form
Same as the subject pronoun counterpart.
Possessive Pronoun Momentaneous Form
Subject Pronoun + Lengthened Vowel and Glottal Closure
shíí'
First Person Singular Momentaneous Possessive Pronoun
bíí'
Third Person Singular Momentaneous Possessive Pronoun
daabíí'
Third Person Distributive Plural Momentaneous Possessive Pronoun
daahóó'
3a Person Distributive Plural Momentaneous Possessive Pronoun
Third Person Indicative (3i)
describes an indefinite possessor (someone's, something's)
Third Person Obliquative (3o)
indicates that a 3rd person subject acts upon a 3rd person object
'a-
3i Person Possessive Pronoun Suffix
yi-
3o Person Possessive Pronoun Suffix
-k'i
on (preposition)
-ká
for (preposition, to summon), after (preposition, to reach someone/something)
for (preposition, to do something on someone's behalf)
díí
this, these
díidí
this very one
'éí
that, those (remote and invisible)
'eii
that, those (close at hand and visible)
'eiidí
that very one
ńléí
yonder one
nagháí
that one there, those
'áa-
there (remote place)
'aa-
there (nearby place)
ńléí-
over there (visible or known place)
ńláh-
over there (invisible or unknown place)
ko-
here (place)
dząą-
over here (place)
kwe'é
right here
'ákwe'é
right there
kwii
here (less definite)
'ákwii
there (less definite)
-di, -gi
at
-dę́ę́', -dóó
from
-góó
toward
-jí
on the side of, in the direction of
-ji'
up to, as far as
háa-
where?
háadishą', háadish
where at?
háágóóshą', háágóósh
where to?
háádę́ę́'shą, háádę́ę́sh
where from?
háí, háíshą', háísh
who?
Háíshą' 'át'į́
Who is it?
háí bi-, háísh bi-
whose?
haa, daa
what? / how?
Díísh haa (daa) gholghé
What is this called?
ha'át'ííshą', ha'át'íísh
what (is it)?
Ha'át'íísh 'ít'é'
What is it?
háidíshą', háidísh
which one?
Háidísh nínízin
Which one do you want?
t'áá bíhólníhí
anything, anyone
t'áá háida
anybody
t'áá díkwíí
a few
t'áá 'ałtso
all, everybody
t'áá 'áła
both
háíshį́į́
someone
t'áá 'ałtsogóó
everywhere
t'áadoo le'é
thing, something
t'áá 'ałtsoní
everything, anything
díkwííshį́į́
several
ła', ła'ígíí
the other one
łą́, łání, lą'í, t'óó 'ahayóí
many, much, a lot
ha'át'ííshį́į́, ha'át'íshį́į́
something
háájíshį́į́
(toward) somewhere
háájída
in some direction
háaji'shį́į́
(as far as) somewhere, to some point