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International Tourist
a person travelling to a country that is not their own place of residence, for more that one day but no longer than one year
Mass tourism
tourism on a large scale to one country or region
Ecotourism
tourism that focuses on protecting the environment and the local way of life, there is normally an element of conservation
Sustainable tourism
tourism that holidays that avoid the damaging effects (on environment and people) caused by mass tourism
Butler tourist resort life-cycle model
a model which shows how any tourist resort may grow but it is a generalisation
Exploration
a small number of tourists visit the area. The area is unspoilt and few tourist facilities exist.
Involvement
local people start to provide some facilities for tourists. There starts to become a recognised tourist season.
Development
the host country starts to develop and advertise the area. The area becomes recognised as a tourist destination and numbers start to increase rapidly
Consolidation
the area continues to attract tourists. The growth in tourist numbers may not be a fast as before. Some tensions develop between the host and the tourists.
Stagnation
the facilities for the tourists may decline as they become old and run down. The numbers of tourists may decline too.
Decline
if the resort is not rejuvenated then it will go into decline. People lose their jobs related to tourism. The image of the area suffers.
Rejuvenation
investment and modernisation may occur which leads to improvements and visitor numbers may increase again.
Extreme environment
a location where particularly difficult environments, there is a niche market and normally physically challenging
Stewardship
the personal responsibility for look after things such as the environment
Conservation
careful and planned use of resources in order to manage and maintain the natural environment for future generations
Honeypot site
a location attracting a large number of tourists who, due to the high amount, place pressure on the environment
Multiplier effect
how many times money spent by a tourist circulates through a country's economy.
Disposable income
money left over after all essentials have been paid such as food and bills
infrastructure
physical systems of a country such as roads, airports, electricity, running water, sewage and drainage systems
external factor
something that happens outside the country that they generally have no control over. It can negatively or positively affect tourist numbers.
package holidays
when everything is included in the coast of the holiday such as flights, hotels, food, drinks and activities
IAATO
International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators
domestic tourist
a person who has holidays within their country's borders