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Level 1

Cells


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Nucleus
Contains genetic material, which controls the activities of the cell
Cytoplasm
Most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes
Cell membrane
Controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell
Mitochondria
carries out respiration in a cell
Rigid cell wall
made of cellulose, gives support for the cell.
Vacuole
contains cell sap that stores sugars, mineral ions and other solutes
Chloroplasts
Contains chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis
Chromosomal DNA
found in bacterial cells, controls the cell's actvities and replication. Floats free in the cytoplasm
Plasmid DNA
Found in bacterial cells. small loops of extra DNA. Cotain genes for things like drug resistance and can be passed between bacteria
Flagellum
a long, hair-like structure that rotates to make the bacterium move.