Level 1 Level 3
Level 2

AOS 2 – Harmony and Tonality


29 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Melody
(the tune)
Pitch
how high or low the note is
Interval
the gap in pitch between two notes.
Scale
a group of notes played in ascending or descending order.
Arpeggio
playing the notes of a chord one by one
Conjunct
melodies move mainly by step (next door notes like C-D) and sound smooth.
Disjunct
melodies use a lot of leaps (bigger intervals) rather than step movement. They will sound spiky and are much harder to sing!
Triadic melodies
that use the notes from a triad (3 note chord). E.g. a melody using C’s, E’s and G’s would be triadic as those are notes from the chord of C.
Scalic
melodies are melodies that follow the order of a particular scale. Similar to conjunct melodies except that a scalic melody can only move up or down to the next note of the scale, whereas a conjunct melody can have a few little jumps.
Pentatonic scale
five note scale. Often used in Chinese, African & Celtic Folk melodies.
Whole tone scale
a scale made up of only whole tones.
Chromatic
scale­ scale made up of semitones (smallest interval e.g. C-C#).
Augmentation
doubling the note values/lengths of the original tune
Diminution
halving the note values/lengths of the original tune
Modes
came before scales. E.g. play D-D on the white notes-this is the Dorian mode. Often used in early music, folk and jazz.
Passing notes
are the notes in between the notes of the harmony. So if the accompanying chord was C, the notes not in the chord (D, F, A, B) would be the _______ _____
Blue notes
the flattened notes in a Blues Scale. Often slide up or down to these notes.
Sequence
when a tune is repeated a step higher (ascending sequence) or a step lower (descending sequence).
Glissando/Portamento
a slide between 2 notes. (instruments like piano or harp would play all the notes in between the 2 notes really fast by sliding the finger
Pitch bend
bending the note on a guitar or any string rs over the notes really quickly.instrument/voice or keyboard/synthesizer.
Ornamentation
decorating the melody with ornaments such as trills (2 adjacent notes played rapidly).
Mordents
(upper and lower) – 3 notes starting and ending on the same note with the middle note either a step higher or lower.
Ostinato / Riff
a repeated rhythm or tune.
Phrase
a musical sentence (where you’d naturally take a breath). Often 2, 4 or 8 bars long. Indicated by a curved line above the stave.
Articulation
how to play the notes
Staccato
short, detached notes.
Legato
smooth - Indicated by a slur
Accent
notes played with more force.
Improvisation
when a player makes the music up on the spot. In jazz/blues/pop players will often improvise a solo – commonly on a guitar/sax/trumpet/keyboard.