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Level 2

AOS 2 – Harmony and Tonality

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(the tune)
how high or low the note is
the gap in pitch between two notes.
a group of notes played in ascending or descending order.
playing the notes of a chord one by one
melodies move mainly by step (next door notes like C-D) and sound smooth.
melodies use a lot of leaps (bigger intervals) rather than step movement. They will sound spiky and are much harder to sing!
Triadic melodies
that use the notes from a triad (3 note chord). E.g. a melody using C’s, E’s and G’s would be triadic as those are notes from the chord of C.
melodies are melodies that follow the order of a particular scale. Similar to conjunct melodies except that a scalic melody can only move up or down to the next note of the scale, whereas a conjunct melody can have a few little jumps.
Pentatonic scale
five note scale. Often used in Chinese, African & Celtic Folk melodies.
Whole tone scale
a scale made up of only whole tones.
scale­ scale made up of semitones (smallest interval e.g. C-C#).
doubling the note values/lengths of the original tune
halving the note values/lengths of the original tune
came before scales. E.g. play D-D on the white notes-this is the Dorian mode. Often used in early music, folk and jazz.
Passing notes
are the notes in between the notes of the harmony. So if the accompanying chord was C, the notes not in the chord (D, F, A, B) would be the _______ _____
Blue notes
the flattened notes in a Blues Scale. Often slide up or down to these notes.
when a tune is repeated a step higher (ascending sequence) or a step lower (descending sequence).
a slide between 2 notes. (instruments like piano or harp would play all the notes in between the 2 notes really fast by sliding the finger
Pitch bend
bending the note on a guitar or any string rs over the notes really quickly.instrument/voice or keyboard/synthesizer.
decorating the melody with ornaments such as trills (2 adjacent notes played rapidly).
(upper and lower) – 3 notes starting and ending on the same note with the middle note either a step higher or lower.
Ostinato / Riff
a repeated rhythm or tune.
a musical sentence (where you’d naturally take a breath). Often 2, 4 or 8 bars long. Indicated by a curved line above the stave.
how to play the notes
short, detached notes.
smooth - Indicated by a slur
notes played with more force.
when a player makes the music up on the spot. In jazz/blues/pop players will often improvise a solo – commonly on a guitar/sax/trumpet/keyboard.