Level 2 Level 4
29 words 0 ignored
Ready to learn Ready to review
Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.
how high or low the note is.
the gap in pitch between two notes.
a group of notes played in ascending or descending order.
playing the notes of a chord one by one
move mainly by step (next door notes like C-D) and sound smooth.
use a lot of leaps (bigger intervals) rather than step movement. They will sound spiky and are much harder to sing!
use the notes from a triad (3 note chord).
melodies that follow the order of a particular scale. Similar to conjunct melodies except that a scalic melody can only move up or down to the next note of the scale
a five note scale. Often used in Chinese
Whole tone scale
a scale made up of only whole tones.
scale made up of semitones (smallest interval e.g. C-C#).
doubling the note values/lengths of the original tune
halving the note values/lengths of the original tune
came before scales. E.g. play D-D on the white notes-this is the Dorian mode. Often used in early music
the notes in between the notes of the harmony. So if the accompanying chord was C the notes not in the chord (D
the flattened notes in a Blues Scale. Often slide up or down to these notes. They make a piece sound ‘bluesy’!
when a tune is repeated a step higher (ascending sequence) or a step lower (descending sequence).
a slide between 2 notes. (instruments like piano or harp would play all the notes in between the 2 notes really fast by sliding the fingers over the notes really quickly.)
bending the note on a guitar or any string instrument/voice or keyboard/synthesizer.
decorating the melody with ornaments such as trills (2 adjacent notes played rapidly).
(upper and lower) – 3 notes starting and ending on the same note with the middle note either a step higher or lower.
Ostinato / Riff
a repeated rhythm or tune. (Both words mean the same but riff tends to be used in a pop context.)
a musical sentence (where you’d naturally take a breath). Often 2 4 or 8 bars long. Indicated by a curved line above the stave.
how to play the notes:
smooth. Indicated by a slur
notes played with more force.
when a player makes the music up on the spot. In jazz/blues/pop players will often improvise a solo – commonly on a guitar/sax/trumpet/keyboard.