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Anatomy expert. Proved Galen wrong. Published book 1543.
Proved the heart is a pump (Galen wrong again). Book 1628.
Smallpox vaccination using cowpox. 1796
Report on Living Conditions of the poor, 1842.
Linked cholera to dirty water (Broad St pump), 1854.
Germ Theory 1861, proved germs cause disease (not spontaneous generation)
Used carbolic acid in surgery to prevent infection (antiseptics). 1865.
Proved germ theory by identifying the anthrax bacterium, 1875.
Discovered penicillin in 1929 and published a paper on it.
Health Minister. Overcame opposition to launch NHS 1948.