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Hospitals, Doctors and Training


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Medieval Hospital
Provided accommodation and prayers, not treatment
1530s
Reformation closes hospitals run by monasteries
Early 1700s
New hospitals opened towards the end of the Renaissance
1768 William Hunter
Opened Anatomy Theatre to train doctors
1815 Apothecaries Act
Introduced formal exams (for the equivalent of family doctors)
1858 General Medical Act
Set up a system of regulation for doctors
1860s Florence NIghtingale
Opened School for Nursing and campaigned for improvements to hospitals.
1860s and 1870s
Germ Theory and Antiseptic surgery led to improvements in hospital cleanliness
Late 1860s
Parliament told Poor Law Unions to build infirmaries and fever hospitals
1902 Midwives Act
Midwives now had to be trained and registered
1948
NHS begins