Level 1 Level 3
Level 2

1943-1956 events


25 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Tehran conference
Deciding what to do and who would control what once the war ended. Sphere of influence, reconstructing Europe + Germany- USA rebuild, USSR punish
Yalta conference
5 main things: decided to establish democracy in Europe (meant different things to each superpower) have communism in Poland, establish UN, reinstate sphere of influence and USSR would help USA defeat japan
Potsdam conference ideas
Talked about "big question" (Germany), banned nazi party, prosecute surviving nazi criminals and split Germany into 4 zones. Reparations and rebuilding would be done on zones.
Potsdam conference problems
New USA leader(because Roosevelt died), Truman, hated communism and had tested 1st atomic bomb so tried pushing Stalin around. USSR broke word about Poland and were developing own weapons. Disagreements on reparation and rebuilding.
Big three Tehran and Yalta
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
Big three Potsdam
Stalin, Truman and Churchill/Attlee
Churchill iron curtain speech
Churchill said that Europe was being gradually taken over by russia and that they were creating an iron curtain.
Stalins reply speech
Stalin said Churchill was like hitler and trying to start a war
Secret telegrams
Each country sent secret reports as they were worried about attacks.
Novikov telegram
USSR spy said Truman wanted to dominate the world and was preparing for war with USSR- no co operation
Long Telegram
USA spies reported Stalin wanted to destroy capitalism and was building an army
Truman Doctrine
Truman said communists were terrorists and that it was communist tyranny vs democratic freedom. He wanted to contain communism and said it was Americas responsibility to protect the world from it.
Marshall Aid
Main point of Truman doctrine- troops and economic resources to help countries in Europe rebuild- 'save' from communism
Paris Conference
Discussed Marshall aid with other countries- showed it was prosperity to weaken communist attraction and that the money had to be spent with Americas trading
Cominform
Communist information bureau, set up by Stalin as a representation of communist parties across Europe. Allowed him to control them. He investigated ministers to ensure they were loyal to him.
Comecon
Response to Marshall aid- rebel against Marshall aid and encourage economic growth within Eastern Europe. Also prevented trade between America and west Europe.
Berlin Blockade causes
USA, France and Britain joined sides up, they created the Deutschmark currency making communism look weak and poor and they had troops in USSR’s zone.
Berlin Blockade
Stalin blocked the road, rail and canal supply lines to West Berlin hoping to force the Allies out of Berlin
Berlin Airlift
Allies decide to airlift supplies to West Berlin for 11 months until May 1949 when Stalin admitted defeat.
NATO
The blockade raised the possibility of war so the Western European countries created an alliance agreeing to help each other if a war occurred
Warsaw Pact
USSRs response to NATO. The same but for Eastern Europe
Hungary causes
The people were under an oppressive and depressive regime. Their resources were giving to other countries and they were being spied on and killed if they disagreed with rule.
Matyas Rakosi
Hungary's leader. Used salami tactics to kill or imprison opposition
Hungary events
Khruschev made Nagy leader after student revolt about hungarys government. Nagy reduces/ ends communism by becoming capitalist and leaving Warsaw Pact. Khruschev invades
Hungary Consequences
Nagy killed, other countries stopped trying to escape communism and the Truman doctrine was broke because USA didn't aid Hungary