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Level 15

Abdominal


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BS (Bowel sounds)
Intestinal sounds heard from auscultating over the abdomen: hyperactive, hypoactive, diminished, absent, tympanitic
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholelithiasis
production of gallstones
Cirrhosis
Scarring of the liver tissue affecting the liver's ability to function
Crohn's/Colitis
Types of chronic inflammatory bowel disease
Distension
Enlarged or swollen due to internal pressure
Diverticulitis
Acute inflammation of the diverticuli pouches
Diverticulosis
Formation of diverticuli: pouches in the colon wall
Dunphy's Sign
Increased pain with coughing
Dyspepsia
Indigestion
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Emesis
Vomiting
Epigastric
Upper central region of the abdomen
Gastroenteritis
General term for inflammation of the GI tract
Guarding
Tensing the abdominal muscles to guard the internal organs - indicative of true abdominal disease
Hematemesis
Vomiting blood
Hematochezia
Bright red blood in the stool
Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver
Hepatomegaly
Enlarged liver
Hernia
Contents of body cavity bulge out of the area where they are normally contained
Ileus
Lack of muscular contraction in the intestine leading to disruption of bowel passage and air/fluid levels on abdominal x-ray
Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin region
Intussusception
one portion of the intestine slides into the next, much like the pieces of a telescope
Mass
any abdominal enlargement
McBurney's Point
RLQ point tenderness indicative of appendicitis
Melena
Black tarry stool indicative of GI bleed
Murphy's Sign
Pain with palpation of the RLQ during inspiration, indicative of cholecystitis
Obturator Sign
RLQ pain on internal rotation of the right thigh indicative of appendicitis
Organomegaly
Enlarged organ
Pancreatitis
Inflammation of the pancreas
PUD (Peptic Ulcer Disease)
ulcers developing in the stomach causing pain and emesis
Peritoneal Signs
Rebound tenderness, guarding, or rigidity indicative of acute abdominal inflammation
Peritonitis
Inflammation of the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
Psoas Sign
RLQ pain with extension of right thigh indicative of appendicits
Prominent Aortic Pulsation
a larger than expected pulsating mass while palpating midline over the abdomen; indicates an aortic aneurysm
Pulsatile Mass
strong pulse of midline abdomen, possible aortic aneurysm
Rebound
Pain when releasing hand from abdominal palpation
Rigidity
stiffness of the muscles of the abdomen
Rovsing's Sign
Pain in RLQ with palpation of LLQ indicative of appendicits
SBO (Small Bowel Obstruction)
acute blockage of the small intestine
Scaphoid
Concave, sunken
Splenomegaly
Enlarged spleen
Suprapubic
Lower central region on the abdomen
Tympany
A bell-like noise when tapping the abdomen