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Level 18

Integumentary and Lyphatic


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Abrasion
Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive
Abscess
A collection of pus beneath the skin
Acne
Pimples
Acne Vulgaris
Severe acne
Adenopathy
Swelling of the lymph-node, usually indicative of an infection distally
Alopecia
Baldness
Cyanosis
Blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
Debridement
Removal of foreign matter/dead tissue from a wound
Dehiscence
Splitting apart or separation of skin often used to describe a surgical wound that has re-opened
Dermis
Tissue layer beneath the epidermis
Dermititis
Inflammation of the skin
Diaphoresis
Sweating
Dusky
Somewhat dark in color often indicative of poor circulation
Ecchymosis
Bruising
Eczema
Inflammatory conditions of the skin characterized by scaly and itchy rash. May include tiny vesicles with oozing and crusting
Eczematous Rash
Dry, scaly skin consistent with eczema
Edema
Skin swollen due to fluid collection
Erythema/Erythematous
Redness/Red
Fascia
Fibrous membrane of connective tissue supporting and separating muscles and body organs
Fluctuance
Palpable fluid beneath the skin indicative of infection/pus
Folliculitis
Inflammation of the hair follicle
Fungal Rash
commonly used to describe a type of rash caused by fungus ex: Tinea
Gangrene
Necrotic skin
Hematoma
Raised area with underlying blood which occurs in tissue resulting from ruptured blood vessels
Herpes Simplex
Viral skin disease, often affecting the mouth or genital region
Herpes Zoster
Shingles - painful red blisters
Hirsute
Hairy
Hyperpigmented
Darker than the surrounding skin
Hypopigmented
Lighter than the surrounding skin
Induration
Hardened area of tissue; soft tissue that becomes extremely firm
Keloid
Hypertrophic scar - raised scar
Laceration
Cut in the skin due to trauma
Lichenified
Thick skin with very deep lines
Lymphangitis
Inflammation of a lymphatic vessel - appears as read streaking
Macerated
Skin softening/breakdown often from being wet for a prolonged period
Macular
Flat, red spots on the skin
Maculopapular Rash
Rash with flat red area that also has raised bumps
Mottled
Skin that is very poorly perfused due to poor blood circulation
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Rapidly spreading inflammatory infection located in the deep fascia (presence of gas in x ray)
Pallor
Paleness
Papular
Raised bumps
Petechial Rash
Red or purple discolorations on the skin that do not blanch (lighten) on applying pressure (a sign of meningitis)
Pitting Edema
Edema that retains an imprint when touched
Pruritic
Itchy
Psoriasis
Autoimmune skin disease. Dry, scaly, red, itchy patches of skin
Purulent
Containing pus; pus-like
Scarlatiniform Rash
Coarse, sandpaper texture rash (streptococcus infection)
Serosanguinous
Consisting of serum and blood
Subungal
Beneath the nail
Tenting
Slow return of the skin to its normal position after being pinched - a sign of either dehydration or aging, or both
Tinea
Fungal infection of the skin
Turgor
Skin elasticity (poor turgor is a sign of dehydration or age)
Urticarial Rash
Hives - A red, raised, and often itchy rash consistent with allergic reactions
Vesicular Rash
Vesicles - fluid filled blisters (Ex: herpes)
Vitiligo
Depigmentation of patches of skin
Wheals
Urticaria - red, raised rash, consistent with allergic reaction