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Kinesiology


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Abduction
draws away from the midline
Adduction
draws toward the midline
Ambulatory
able to move about, not confined to a bed
Anatomical Position
to stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hand turned forward
Anterior
situated in the front or directed toward the front
Articulation
connection between bones; joint
Axilla
armpit
Caudal
toward the feet
Cephalad
towards the head
Cervical
pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus
Deep
farther from the surface
Diffuse
spread out over a wide area
Distal
farther from the limb root
Dorsiflexion
backward flexion, as in bending backward either hand or foot
Everted
turned outward
Extension
straightening out
Flexion
bending or angulation
External
outside
Frontal/Coronal Plane
divides body into anterior and posterior parts
Inferior
lower, farther from crown
Internal
inside
Inverted
turned inward
Lateral
farther from the midline
Levator
that which rises
Medial
nearer to the midline
Midline
divides body into left and right
Palmer/Volar
palm side of hand or body
Plantar
sole of foot
Posterior/Dorsal
rear or back
Pronator
that which turns palm of hand downwards
Prone
body position lying face down with forwarms and hands turned palm side down
Proximal
near to the limb root
Radial Aspect
pertaining to the radial (lateral) side of the arm
Superficial
nearer to the surface
Superior
upper, nearer to the crown of head
Supinator
that which turns palm of hand upward
Supine
body position lying face up
Transverse Plane
right angles to long axis; divides the body into upper and lower parts
Ulnar Aspect
pertaining to the ulnar (medial) side of the arm